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Sudanese Human Rights Defender Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam Risks Death Penalty - March 2004


Sudanese Human Rights Defender, Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam, arrested on 28th December 2003 has now been charged under five different articles of the Criminal Act 1991. Two of the charges, "undermining the constitutional system" and "waging war against the state" can reportedly result in the death penalty. Front Line has called for the immediate and unconditional release of Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam who is being persecuted because of his human rights work with the Sudan Social Development Organization (SUDO).

Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam, the Chairperson of the Sudan Social Development Organization (SUDO), a voluntary organization created to promote sustainable development and human rights, was arrested at his home on the 28th of December 2003, and has been in detention ever since. On 7 and 8 February 2004, he reportedly entered into hunger strike for two days, requesting an immediate and unconditioned release or a fair and prompt trial.

On 8 February 2004 Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam was taken from Kober prison to a proxy agency building in Khartoum for further security investigations by representatives of the attorney general. On 11 February 2004, he was allegedly accused under the Criminal Act 1991 of undermining the constitutional system (article 50), waging war against the State (article 51), disclosure of military information (article 56), calling opposition to public authority by use of violence or criminal force (article 63), provoking hatred against or among sects (article 64). He reportedly faces the death penalty, life imprisonment, imprisonment of up to five years and forfeiture of his property under these charges.

Background information:

Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam was arrested on 28 December 2003 by the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) at his house in Omdurman. His house was allegedly damaged and searched, with some documents reportedly seized, including a project for the development of water stations in South Sudan. He was taken to his office at Lamda Engineering Company in Khartoum, his office was searched, and his computer confiscated, along with other items. He was then allegedly detained in an unknown location. On 30 December 2003, his wife requested to see him. On 31 December 2003, he was reportedly permitted to call his wife to inform her that he was well and to request some clothes.

Front Line is concerned that the arrest of Dr. Mudawi Ibrahim Adam is linked to the activities of SUDO, including carrying out workshops on human rights and in providing assistance to Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Darfur. On 27 December 2003, one day before his alleged arrest, Dr. Madawi Ibrahim Adam was reportedly conducting a workshop on human rights education in Shendi.

Over the last weeks the Sudanese authorities have arrested a number of human rights defenders in Darfur and elsewhere including Mr. Salih Mahmoud Osman, a member of the Sudan Organization Against Torture's lawyers network, who was arrested in Wad Medani on 1st February 2004.

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