During the month of October 2016, SUDO (UK)’s network of human rights monitors reported and verified 51 incidents of human rights abuses across five Sudanese States. A further two reports were submitted concerning the release of 64 suspected SPLM/A-N members following their trial at a Special Terrorism Court in Singa city, as well as the dropping of all charges against Alaa El-Din Babiker, a journalist for Rayaam newspaper.
Enclosed within the 51 reports, SUDO (UK) has assessed that forces under the direct control of the Government of Sudan were responsible – as individual entities – for 25 instances of human rights abuses, whilst various militias known collectively as Janjaweed (7), pro-government (9) or unknown (9) were responsible for 25 such abuses. The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army – North (SPLM/A-N) was responsible for four human rights abuses. In various incidents, multiple perpetrators collaborated to carry out abuses, hence the identification of 54 participants for 51 abuses.
The 51 reports detail the following: the death of 14 civilians and the wounding of 19; four instances of sexual violence; six abductions; the arrest of 13 civilians (including one journalist), one instance of which resulted from information obtained by torture; 14 incidents involving looting; and four instances of direct attacks on civilian villages. The 51 reports further note four incidents relating to a clampdown on political activity, including two instances of violent dispersal of protest and two cases where civilians were prevented from convening a meeting. One report contained both a violent dispersal and the prevention of a meeting. Finally, 12 of the 51 reports focussed on issues relating to media freedom, details included: seven instances of censorship relating to four newspaper confiscations, one threat pertaining to the publishing of information and the withdrawal of two books from sale at the Khartoum International Book Fair; three trials of journalists; one summoning of a journalist; and one arrest as mentioned previously.
Four instances were reported to SUDO (UK) concerning the use of violence by Government authorities to deny civilians and organisations the right to convene meetings or to engage in non-violent protest.
In Khartoum, two meetings were prevented from taking place due to intervention by the Police. Riot Police used force against members of the Sudanese Doctor’s Central Committee whilst preventing them from meeting in Bahri Educational Hospital on the 20th October. Fortunately, no casualties were reported to SUDO (UK). Meanwhile, on the 17th October, the Riot Police used the threat of force to prevent a meeting of the Al-Mahas Club. Members were told in no uncertain terms by a Colonel that his superiors had sanctioned the use of force to disperse any gathering, if required. During the month of October Police furthermore ended a strike in Al-Jarif district, situated in the east of Khartoum, by firing tear gas and rubber bullets against civilians on consecutive days. Again, no casualties were directly reported to SUDO (UK), though two civilians were arrested.
Elsewhere in Sudan, a combined force of Sudanese Armed Forces, Police and the National Intelligence and Security Services attacked demonstrators in Dar Al-Salam neighbourhood, situated in Demazin North, using tear gas and live ammunition. The demonstrators had occupied a slaughterhouse that had repeatedly failed to implement adequate safeguards to protect the local environment, including clean drinking water, from pollution such as animal waste. Eight civilians were arrested after the Commissioner declared the demonstrators’ members of the SPLM/A-N and invoked emergency law.
Monitors reported 12 incidents related to media freedom in Sudan including censorship and the confiscation of newspapers, as well as the targeting of individual journalists through summons and trials.
Assayha, Al-Watan and Al-Jareeda (x2) newspapers were all confiscated from the printing press without explanation by National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) officials during the month of October. Post-print confiscations are utilised regularly by the authorities to financially punish newspapers for crossing arbitrary red lines. In enabling media outlets to commit financial resources in order to physically manufacture and publish the newspaper but by preventing them from recouping some of the costs through sales, the authorities are targeting the existence of independent print media in Sudan through financial viability. At the same time, the knowledge that critical columns and articles can result in confiscations often forces the media outlets into self-censorship for fear of financial ruin. In addition to post-print censorship, the Sudanese authorities furthermore threaten media outlets against the reporting of certain events; for example, this month media outlets were threatened against coverage of the Sudanese doctors strike.
Not limited to newspapers alone, two novels were also confiscated and removed from sale from the 2016 Khartoum International Book Fair. The General Administration of Literary and Artistic Works confiscated copies of “Love in the Time of Cholera” by García Márquez and “Holy Chains” by Abdullah Al-Asad and prevented their sale at the event and in Sudan.
As well as targeting the outlets themselves, the authorities furthermore threaten and intimidate individual journalists through the use or threat of physical violence in addition to repeated summons and trials. In October alone, the Press and Publications Court continued the trial of Nada Ramadan (Al-Jareeda), Madiha Abdullah (Al-Midan), Soad Al-Khader (Al-Jareeda) and Ashraf Abdelaziz (Al-Jareeda) related to their respective articles on the burying of chemical waste, the humanitarian situation in the Nuba Mountains, and corruption in Halfayt Almlook People’s Committee. Meanwhile, Shaza El-Sheikh (Al-Jareeda) was summoned to NISS offices, questioned and forced to provide personal information for an article on the deterioration of public services in Ohood village in Al-Jazeera state, whilst Hanadi El-Siddig (Al-Jareeda) was arrested for his column on the trial of student Asim Omar Hassan, for the alleged murder of a policeman, at the request of the trial’s prosecutor.
Pro-government militiamen numbering 10 persons dressed in military uniform and riding camels assaulted a number of civilians in Garbos village, which is located 6km east of Khazan Tunjur. The militiamen furthermore looted civilian goods and livestock, including cattle and sheep, before escaping to an unknown location.
Three Janjaweed militiamen dressed in military uniform and riding camels wounded 37-year-old Nasreldin Osman Abdelrahman from the Tunjur ethnic group on his farm in Korgi village located 3km east of Kutum. The victim was shot following his efforts to drive the camels off his farmland, which the militiamen had forcibly entered. Following the shooting, the perpetrators fled as local civilians arrived having rushed to the scene after hearing gunshots. The victim was taken to a local medical facility in Kutum.
The militiamen came from Goba area, which is the known residence of the militia leader El-Nour Goba.
Five Janjaweed militiamen dressed in military uniform and riding camels randomly opened fire indiscriminately in the village of Um Draisy, which is situated 1km east of Tabit. During the raid the militiamen entered one home in an attempt to loot their camel, though were resisted by a 16-year-old who sustained gunshot wounds in the process. Monitors identified the injured as:
The attack took place in front of the Sudanese Armed Forces who refused to act noting they did not have the authority. The incident was reported to the police in El-Fasher, where the injured also received treatment.
The perpetrators are believed to have been under the command and control structure of Badr Abu Kenish.
Four Janjaweed militiamen dressed in military uniform and riding camels entered the home of a family in Karfola village and opened fire for unknown reasons killing one 65-year-old civilian. The militiamen came from the area of Jebel Tarni situated to the west of the village, which is home to a militia under the command and control structure of Badr Abu Keneish. Upon entry into the home, two militiamen went inside and started shooting whilst two remained outside. It was the two militiamen outside that shot and killed Ibrahim Kadim Abdullah, a 65-year-old neighbour, as he rushed to assist the family under attack. The incident has been reported to the police in Tawila.
Janjaweed militiamen numbering some 10 persons dressed in military uniform and riding camels and motorcycles attacked civilians in Molaga village, situated 15km north of Kutum, killing two and injuring one. The perpetrators furthermore looted an estimated 453 sheep.
The militiamen, believed to be under the command and control structure of El-Nour Goba, entered the village for the purpose of looting livestock. Local civilians sought to prevent the raid resulting in the militiamen opening fire. Monitors identified the deceased as:
The injured person received treatment in Kutum, whilst the incident was reported to the Sudanese Armed Forces who refused to take any action.
Pro-government militiamen numbering some 10 persons dressed in military uniform and riding camels shot dead 30-year-old Hawa Noor Al-Diaem in Tarbo village, which is located 10km south of Dobo Al-Omda. The militiamen forcibly entered their cattle onto her farm and shot her dead when she sought to drive out the cattle.
Two pro-government militiamen dressed in military uniform and armed with rifles raped a 22-year-old woman as she travelled to her farm from her home in Limo village, which is situated 15km north-east of Kass locality.
The militiamen raped the victim alternately for two hours before leaving her injured on the ground. The victim was eventually found by her family who took her to the police in order to report the incident and then on to a medical facility in Kass.
An unknown militiaman dressed in military uniform opened fire on 65-year-old civilian Abdeljabar Adam Abubakar causing serious injury following an armed robbery. During the robbery, the victim sought to resist the perpetrator’s attempts to loot his donkey leading the militiaman to shoot Abdeljabar Adam Abubakar before escaping to an unknown location. The incident occurred in Bronga village, which is situated in Kass locality.
Seven pro-government militiamen dressed in military uniform and riding camels kidnapped two women as the victims made their way to Kdnair market from their homes in Sina village, which is located 10km from Malam locality. The two women were part of a larger group of four, all of who were threatened by the militiamen, but only two were abducted. The abducted individuals have been named as:
Three Janjaweed militiamen dressed in military uniform and riding camels shot dead 85-year-old Ibrahim El-Nour Mohamed, a trader, in Tor village situated in Kass locality. The victim was killed after requesting payment following the theft of rope from his store. The perpetrators fled after opening fire, though one was captured by civilians.
An unknown militiaman dressed in military uniform opened fire indiscriminately on civilians in Al-Jabal market located near Nyala. The militiaman was under the influence of alcohol and he caused serious injury to three civilians who later received treatment in Nyala. Two of the three civilians have been named as:
Three pro-government militiamen dressed in military uniform assaulted and raped a 38-year-old woman over a three-hour period as she made her way from her farm in Talab area to her home in Bronga village.
The militiamen raped the victim alternately before shooting her in her right leg. The victim was found by local villagers in a bad situation and the incident was reported to the police before she received treatment in Kass.
Three unknown militiamen dressed in military uniform and riding motorcycles killed 35-year-old Ahmed Mohamed Nour during an armed robbery in Tor village, which is situated in Kass locality. The victim was killed as he refused to hand over his belongings including his money and mobile phone. The perpetrators escaped to an unknown location.
Pro-government militiamen numbering some 10 persons dressed in military uniform and riding on the back of camels’ assaulted farmers inside their farms in Um Assal, which is situated 12km west of Gereida. The farmers were beaten and left naked having sustained serious injuries following the attack. The farmers were taken to Gereida hospital for treatment. The injured persons have been named as:
Three unknown militiamen dressed in military uniform looted a vehicle belonging to the Turkish hospital in Nyala market. The driver of the vehicle had stopped in the market to enter the mosque for afternoon prayers. Whilst inside the mosque the unknown militiamen broke into the vehicle and fled in a northern direction.
Three pro-government militiamen dressed in military uniform and walking on foot opened fire on three civilians in Wadi Domia. One civilian sustained injuries to their left leg during the shooting. The perpetrators fled to an unknown destination whilst the injured civilian received treatment in Abrar hospital.
Pro-government militiamen dressed in military uniform and riding camels kidnapped two civilians and looted 41 cattle. The militiamen kidnapped 14-year-old Shadia Haroun Abubakar and 21-year-old Daoud Hussain Abubakar from Dobo Al-Omda, looting their livestock in the process. The militiamen moved towards Malam locality following the kidnapping and looting. The incident was reported to the Police.
Unknown militiamen killed 35-year-old Mohamed Ibrahim in Wadi Berli, situated in Nyala. The victim was on his way back home after work when he was attacked by militiamen. The body of the deceased was found the following day with a single bullet wound in his head. As of yet a motive is unclear and the incident has been reported to the police.
Two unknown militiamen in military uniform shot dead 30-year-old teacher Fadol Adam Abdelrahman whilst he was travelling from the home of his family in Arlly village, which is situated 8km north-east of Kass. The Kass Industrial Secondary School teacher’s body was found the following day by civilians and taken to the Police in Kass, where the incident was also reported.
Four Janjaweed militiamen, under the overall command and control structure of Amir Musa Ahmed Lin, led by Omda Zakria assaulted farmers whilst they were working on their fields in Ayor village, which is located 7km east of Zalingei locality.
The militiamen threatened the farmers with guns demanding that they refrain from tending to their fields as they are the property of the militiamen owing to ancestral rights. The militiamen wanted to use the land as grazing for their livestock.
Three unknown armed persons kidnapped and stole the vehicle of Musa Abubakar Abd Al-Kareem, a Rickshaw driver, in Zalingei. The victim was asked by the persons to drop them off at Zalingei hospital, which he agreed to do. During the journey he was threatened with a gun, tied up and driven 60km before being left on the road.
Unknown militiamen, belonging to the Awlad Rashid Arab ethnic group, assaulted a woman in her farm in Kuti village, which is situated in Guldo locality. The victim was threatened at gunpoint as she sought to drive out the militiamen’s cattle from her farm. The militiamen later returned that day and looted the woman’s donkey, beating her as she resisted. The victim was left with a broken hand and required treatment in Zalingei.
Three pro-government militiamen dressed in military uniform and riding camels injured 25-year-old civilian Farah Musa Rahma during the looting of his home in Tor village. The militiamen sough to loot the victim’s home though Farah Musa Rahma resisted resulting in the perpetrators opening fire causing serious injury before looting his home and fleeing to an unknown location. The victim was taken to Nertiti for medical treatment.
Unknown militiamen belonging to the Nuweiba ethnic group forcibly entered their camels into farms in Arola village, situated in Garsila locality. As the farmers attempted to drive the camels out of their farm the militiamen opened fire, wounding three persons. The three persons have been named as:
The injured persons received treatment in Garsila.
Seven Janjaweed militiamen dressed in military uniform and riding on horses and camels killed a civilian and raped his two daughters in Ankshi village, which is situated in Garsila locality.
The militiamen entered the farm demanding to take the girls away. When the father, Younis Yagoub Abd Al-Mula, stated they were his daughters, the militiamen began to attack the girls whilst some attempted to restrain the father. Younis Yagoub Abd Al-Mula fought against the perpetrators and stabbed one before he was shot, killing him instantly. The militiamen proceeded to rape the two girls alternately over an extended period of time. Following which the militiamen fled after hearing the sound of people coming.
Military Intelligence forces released a civilian who had been detained for three days in a small room in the Sudanese Armed Forces Garrison in Demazin. The civilian had recently been involved in reconciliation talks between Ingessena sub-groups, when he was called to meet with the head of Military Intelligence in Demazin. Upon arrival he was arrested without charge.
Three members of Military Intelligence dressed in military uniform and riding a technical vehicle arrested Alameddine Kendi Hamid, a 50-year-old Ingessena civilian, from his garden in Masfa village. He was arrested after another civilian accused him of being a member and supporter of the SPLM/A-N to Military Intelligence officials. Alameddine Kendi Hamid was beaten, tied up and taken to the military garrison in Demazin.
Four Military Intelligence members dressed in plain clothing arrested Al-Sadig Abu Zeid Japaw, a 30-year-old civilian from the Ingessena ethnic group and resident of Al-Azazh camp. He was arrested in his farm close to the camp under the pretext that he was a member and supporter of the SPLM/A-N. He was furthermore accused of storing weapons and holding information relating to the activities of the SPLM/A-N and he was threatened to divulge that information otherwise he would be killed. Al-Sadig Abu Zeid Japaw was beaten, had his hands and legs tied together and was taken to the military garrison in Demazin.
Military Intelligence officials released a civilian who had been detained for four months inside a container under the pretext that they had cooperated with the SPLM/A-N and had provided information on the tactics of the Sudanese Armed Forces. The civilian’s detention was the result of information obtained by torture from another prisoner at the hands of Military Intelligence.
Members of the SPLM/A-N attacked civilians in Abu Gumei, which is located in Geisan locality. The attack was characterised by the beating of civilians, including students at a secondary school hostel, and the looting of personal possessions and two stores. Two civilians were killed as a result of the attack.
A combined force including members of the Sudanese Armed Forces, Police and the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) attacked demonstrators in Dar Al-Salaam neighbourhood in Demazin North using tear gas and live ammunition. No casualties were reported by monitors though eight civilians were detained.
The demonstrations centred on the wish of local civilians to close down a slaughterhouse that is located in their neighbourhood due to water pollution from the inadequate safeguards the slaughterhouse takes in disposing waste. Two years’ prior the authorities had promised to relocate the slaughterhouse.
On the 17th October, civilians from the neighbourhood occupied the slaughterhouse and banned the entrance of butchers. The following day, the Commissioner of Demazin locality arrived at the slaughterhouse and ordered the demonstrators to end their occupation and return home. When they refused to do so, the Commissioner labelled them as supporters of the armed opposition and conveyed instructions to send in the combined force. The force arrived in 10 technical vehicles and quickly worked to disperse the demonstrators, arresting eight in the process. The eight civilians have been named as:
The civilians are being held under emergency law under the pretext that they are supporters of the armed opposition.
A vehicle belonging to the Sudanese Armed Forces hit and killed Mohamed Sufian El-Tayeb, a student at the Faculty of Engineering in the University of Blue Nile. The student was riding a motorcycle when he was run over. At this point the driver, a Corporal in the Sudanese Armed Forces, left his vehicle and dragged the body of the student into the creek near the Demazin-Singa Bridge and hid the vehicle in the Lroma Sudanese Armed forces camp.
The body was found during the course of the evening and the family of the student were notified. Autopsies confirmed that the students neck and back were both broken during the collision. Following a brief investigation, the Corporal was arrested and detained in a military prison.
Members of the SPLM/A-N attacked a commercial vehicle owned by the Geisan locality authorities transporting five officials from Al-Gria Ashara village to Demazin. The armed SPLM/A-N members instructed the officials out of the vehicle and looted their possessions. The possessions included: three mobile phones, clothes, and money. One of the officials was beaten as he attempted to escape, whilst another was beaten as he did not possess a mobile phone or money.
Members of the SPLM/A-N killed two traders in an area located between Al-Madina Ashra and Al-Madina Hedashra in Geisan locality. The victims were riding motorcycles when they were stopped, threated, and eventually shot dead. The perpetrators looted 25,000 SDG from one of the traders who had earmarked the funds to buy sesame. The victims have been named as:
The Government of Sudan released 64 suspected SPLM/A-N detainees who had been held since 2011 following their trial at the special terrorist court in Singa city. The detainees, named below, had spent five years in various prisons within Sudan including Demain, Singa, Port Sudan and Huda prison in Khartoum. The detainees released have been named as:
Members from the SPLM/A-N looted 40 cows from Khalifa Yousuf in Banet village, which is situated in Geisan locality. Khalifa Yousuf sought to prevent the looting leading the perpetrators to briefly abduct him. Before they reached the forest they let the victim go and ordered him to return home.
Riot Police prevented members of the Al-Mahas club from convening a meeting, without providing any explanation. A Colonel within the Riot Police informed the club members that he had instructions from superiors to prevent the convening of the meeting, which included the right to use of force if required to do so.
The Riot Police prevented members of the Sudanese Doctor’s Central Committee from holding a meeting inside Bahri Educational Hospital. They did so using force.
The Police moved to end a strike in Al-Jarif district, located in the east of Khartoum, by civilians in protest of the appropriating of their land. The Police used tear gas and rubber bullets during confrontations with the protesters.
The protests in question begun on 23 October where Police also used force against the protesters. Arrested during the disturbances were:
A joint force consisting of Police and Khartoum locality authorities removed 47 market stalls in Al-Souq Al-Shabi market. Traders noted they had been operating in the area since 1979 and had consistently paid the relevant fees to the local authorities for the rights to trade in the market. They further stated that they were given less than a day’s notice, having been informed the previous day at approximately 14:00.
The National Intelligence and Security Services confiscated the printed copies of Assayha newspaper from the printing press without providing any reason.
The National Intelligence and Security Services confiscated the printed copies of Al-Jareeda newspaper from the printing press without providing any reason.
The Press and Publications Court established a special session to continue the trial of Nada Ramadan concerning an article published in Al-Jareeda newspaper on the 11th November 2015 on the burying of hazardous waste in Sudan.
The Press and Publications Court charged Madiha Abdullah, former Editor-in-Chief of Al-Midan newspaper under article 66 (Publication of False News) of the 1991 Sudanese Criminal Code as well as Articles 24 (Liability of the Editor-in-Chief) and 26 (Duties of Journalists) of the 2009 Press and Publications Act. The charges relate to an article published concerning the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in the Nuba Mountains and the quoting of an SPLM/A-N statement.
The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) summoned Shaza El-Sheikh, a journalist at Al-Jareeda newspaper, and held her for questioning for four hours. This was the result of an article she had published concerning the deterioration of public services in Ohood village, which is situated in Managil locality in Al-Jazeera state. During the same report she stated that citizens in the region had threatened to cut off the main road if the Government failed to provide a solution. The NISS officers ordered the journalist to fill out a security form that includes a high degree of personal information.
The Press and Publications Court established a special session to review the case of Soad Al-Khader and Ashraf Abdelaziz, the former a journalist and the latter the Editor-in-Chief of Al-Jareeda newspaper, respectively. The session followed an article published in the same newspaper on violations concerning residential land in Halfayt Almlook area by the People’s Committee.
The National Intelligence and Security Services confiscated the printed copies of Al-Watan newspaper from the printing press without providing any reason.
The Criminal Court in El-Geneina exonerated Alaa El-Din Babiker, a journalist for Rayaam newspaper, dropping all charges against him since December 2015 as a result of a lack of evidence.
Alaa El-Din Babiker was arrested in December 2015 following an article he authored on the protests in El-Geneina around the same time. He was initially released under guarantee though the journalist was then rearrested in May 2016.
The National Intelligence and Security Services ordered satellite channel reporters operating in Khartoum to not broadcast any videos that reflect the size of the Sudanese doctors’ strike. Additionally, the Ministry of Information ordered the various television channels to not photograph or film inside or close to Government hospitals, as well as to not talk with patients or their companions. These demands have been conveyed either through mobile phone or through on-site visits by respective officers. The same demands have been made of all Sudanese journalists.
The Press and Publications Court arrested Hanadi El-Siddig, a journalist at Al-Jareeda newspaper, for a column written in the same newspaper that discussed the ongoing trial of Asim Omar Hassan. The complaint was brought against the journalist by Abdul Rahim Al-Khair, a Prosecutor of Khartoum North, after Hanadi El-Siddig noted that the Prosecutor was instructing the witness on how to answer the questions posed by the Defence.
The National Intelligence and Security Services confiscated the printed copies of Al-Jareeda newspaper following an article published the previous day on the Sudanese doctors’ strike.
The Sudanese authorities confiscated and prevented the publishing of number of novels from the Khartoum International Book Fair. The books included:
 National Intelligence and Security Services (7); Police/Riot Police (5); Military Intelligence (4); Press and Publications Court (4); Government Officials (3); Sudanese Armed Forces (2).
 Forces that SUDO (UK) monitors have thus far not been able to define. They may be paramilitary forces controlled directly by the Government – such as the Rapid Support Forces – or they may have a more irregular relationship with the Government – such as the Janjaweed militias. It is certain from analysing the pattern and nature of the attacks that they are pro-government or government affiliated in some form.
 A student arrested and eventually charged with the murder of a Policeman during the student protests in Khartoum.