Please note: Map markers are approximate and for illustration purposes only.

Human Rights Abuses in Sudan Over the Month of November 2015



During the month of November our network of human rights monitors have reported and verified 80 incidents of human rights abuses across 11 states, in addition to providing several brief situation reports concerning issues including the mobilisation of forces in East Jebel Marra on the 4th November (Government) and in East Darfur on the 2nd November (Rezaigat).

SUDO (UK) has assessed that of the 80 incidents of human rights abuses; militias known collectively as Janjaweed were responsible for 40 such abuses (45%), whilst the Government of Sudan was responsible for 35 violations (39%). Other perpetrators included ethnic militias, which were responsible for eight human rights abuses (9%), with the armed opposition groups engaging in four such acts (5%), whilst two incidents were perpetrated by unknown parties (2%). Some of these incidents involved several of the aforementioned groups working in cohort, notably Government and pro-Government forces.

The 80 incidents of human rights abuses include the murder of 56 civilians (in addition to 26 armed group actors); the rape of 51 women (five minors); direct attacks of 25 civilian villages; the serious injury of 60 civilians; six incidents of displacement; 19 incidents of looting; the arrest of 23 persons; and four incidents of aerial bombardment including the use of seven barrel bombs.

Serious Incidents and Trends Observed Over the Month of November

Continued Attacks on Farmers and Farmland Across Darfur

In our October 2015 report SUDO (UK) highlighted 18 incidents in which human rights abuses were perpetrated by armed actors – most notably Janjaweed militias – in areas of farmland or on civilians themselves tending to their farms. This month SUDO (UK) monitors have showcased this causal connection on at least 29 separate occasions – that is that attacks on farmers and/or farmland accompany 58% of all human rights abuses recorded by SUDO (UK) monitors by armed actors in Darfur. These 29 attacks resulted in the death of 11 civilians, the rape of 23 women and the severe injury of 15 persons, in addition to the loss of income and the heightening of food insecurity plaguing the region thereby forcing displacement.   

Moving closer to the harvesting season there is an increase in militias forcibly and aggressively grazing their livestock on farmland. They do so for several reasons including the obvious regarding the feeding of their livestock; however, they also do so to destroy the crops of the local farmers as well as to force displacement as showcased in last month’s SUDO (UK) report. This update contains two eyewitness accounts of Janjaweed attacks on farmers and farmland on both the 3rd November and the 26th November. An eyewitness on the 3rd November explicitly states that a member of the militia shouted to them reminding that they had previously told the farmers not to return to their fields and consequently that they would be killed. This incident led to the death of a man and the rape of his two nieces aged 17 and 22. Meanwhile, a testimony from a victim on the 26th clearly states “they [the Janjaweed] released their livestock on to our farms with the intention of grazing, damaging the agriculture and expelling us from our land.” Even the local police forces and officials have commented that victims of such attacks should not have even gone to their farms in the first place (South Darfur 26th November), and consequently they rarely act against unfolding events or to even register the incident at all implying that, at the very least, there is clear tacit consent for such behaviour.

Farmers rely on their land for sustenance in terms of both income and food, and many such farmers have long been displaced to camps to which they only leave in order to tend to their farms. Within the camps IDPs are receiving less and less food assistance, whilst outside of the camps their means of livelihood is under direct and systematic attack from Janjaweed militias in addition to paramilitary groups such as the Rapid Support Forces and the Border Guards. Consequently, with the supply of food diminishing both within and outside the camps, civilians in Darfur are facing tightening food insecurity.

Blue Nile Civilians Detained in Containers: One Dead and One Hospitalised

Since our August 2015 monthly update SUDO (UK) has consistently highlighted the detention of over 100 civilians in containers within the Sudanese Armed Forces Fourth Infantry Division Headquarters in Demazin. The October 2015 report noted the death of Tarig Ali, a 40 year-old farmer from Fazogli in Geisan locality, and the first person SUDO (UK) monitors have identified as having died whilst in detention in containers within Blue Nile state.

This month monitors have reported the hospitalisation of a container detainee by the name of Alitaa Younis, who has been detained in inhumane conditions since July 2015 following the suspicion that he sold milk to the SPLM-N, and he is now undergoing treatment at Demazin Royal Hospital. Already monitors have established that detainees are unable to leave the containers except in the morning and the evening for a short time to go the toilet, in addition to having no contact with family, lawyers, health care or even being able to take their own prescribed medicines. It has been established that Alitta Younis shared a container with another 30 persons, all of who are suffering from serious illnesses relating to a lack of food, sleep, hygiene facilities and medicine.

NISS Clampdown on Darfur Students in Khartoum

Last month SUDO (UK) monitors reported the arrest of six Darfuri students from the University of the Holy Quran by a large force from the National Intelligence and Security Services following a peaceful sit-in to demand exemption from the payment of tuition fees as mandated in the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur. This month intelligence officials have continued their clampdown by arresting seven Darfuri students, with three openly representing the Darfur Student Alliance. The intelligence agency furthermore has aided an attack on Darfuri students at the Sudan University for Science and Technology by the student wing of the National Congress Party as those who were attacked were organising a public talk from the Darfur Student Alliance at the university. Eight Darfuris were injured as a result of these attacks on the 17th November.

In response to the clampdown members of the National Consensus Forces organised a sit-in to showcase solidarity with the Darfuri students. This resulted in the arrest of four major figures including Sidig Yousif of both the National Consensus Forces and the Sudanese Communist Party.


Using the incident reports from our monitors over the month of November, SUDO (UK) recommends the following:

To the Government of Sudan

To the Armed Opposition Groups


Incident Reports

North Darfur


A Janjaweed militia under the command of Zaroga attacked and raped a 16 year-old girl from the Tunjur ethnic group in Alino village situated north of Korma.


A Janjaweed militia attacked Um Bahi village, situated in East Jebel Marra roughly 15km west of Tabit. This attack resulted in the death of a 55 year-old man from the Fur ethnic group and the rape of two of his nieces aged 17 and 22. The attack occurred at 15:00.

Eyewitness Testimony

“On Tuesday 3rd November, at 15:00, militia men approached us from the western side firstly coming into contact with [the deceased] and his two nieces on their farmland. One of the militia men shouted to them ‘Didn’t we tell you never to come here again? Today we will kill you”, before shooting three bullets over their heads and attacking the women.

[The deceased] wanted to defend his nieces so they shot him in the head killing him instantly, after which they attacked and raped the two girls. After the militia had raped the girls, they then cut the hands and legs of the deceased and left to where they had come from.

We carried the deceased and the injured women to Shangel Tobaye, following which we reported the incident to UNAMID. UNAMID did nothing and the girls received no treatment apart from local medicine.”


A Janjaweed militia riding aboard three land cruiser vehicles kidnapped two civilians – one male and one female - from within Gory market in East Jebel Marra. The woman was released following her being sexually assaulted, whilst the militia have demanded a random of SDG 25,000 to release Abdelrahman Abdelshafei.


Ten Janjaweed militia men dressed in military uniform attacked two women for the purposes of rape, and in the process killed their neighbour Al-Nour for rushing to their aid. Both women were raped alternately at their farm to the south of Tabit and were found by other farmers later in a very bad condition.

The body of the deceased was taken to the police in Tabit, whilst the two women were taking to the hospital. The police took no action.


Six Janjaweed militia men riding aboard a land cruiser vehicle raped two women who were working their farm in Um Begi, located 40km south of Tabit. The militia fled when they heard other farmers coming towards them. The farmers transferred the girls to the hospital and reported the incident to the police in Shangel Tobaye.


On this date there were reports of a large build-up of military personnel and hardware around the East Jebel Marra area in what appeared to be preparations for an assault. The build-up included technical vehicles, tanks and different types of artillery.


A Janjaweed militia, with support from the Rapid Support Forces and the Sudanese Armed Forces, continued their attacks on the eastern regions of the Jebel Mara from 06:000 through to 17:00 the following day. During which the militia attacked six villages full of unarmed civilians.

Monitors have verified two instances of rape in Dobo Al-Omda – where one of the victims tragically took her life following the incident – and the additional injury of four persons.

The villages attacked were:

  1. Dobo Al-Omda
  2. Dobo Al-Madrasa
  3. Bali
  4. Baldori
  5. Wadi Ashra
  6. Abu Zaid

The injured have been named as:

  1. Zakia Salih Adam
  2. Yagoub Adam Al-Omor
  3. Khalil Ibrahim Salim Al-Omor
  4. Omar Yahia Adam Al-Omor


A Janjaweed militia riding aboard seven technical vehicles attacked the village of Kurtala at 06:00 causing the displacement of civilians and the death of four persons identified as:

  1. Abkar Abdelrahim
  2. Adam Abakr Ali
  3. Abuelgasim Abakr Ali
  4. Adam Abdelrasool


A Janjaweed militia has forcibly entered its camels onto tracts of farmland in four villages situated in the Shangel Tobaye area as well as further into South Darfur and are threatening all those who would dare to remove their livestock. The militia is doing so in the full view and knowledge of local government authorities, which are choosing to take no action to restore the territorial and property rights of the farmers in the area.

The four villages that are affected are:

  1. Shangel Tobaye
  2. Dobo
  3. Jumaiza
  4. Mershing


Three armed men wearing military uniform on the backs of camel attacked an unarmed civilian by the name of Mohamed Abd Al-Rasul Al-Omer from Korma IDP Camp after he refused to pray for them. The armed men, coming from the direction of Dima Jebel Moro, demanded to know why the civilian had disobeyed their order to remain in the camp. Mohamed Abd Al-Rasul Al-Omer was shot in the right arm and was transferred back to the camp by other IDPs.

The victim reported the incident to UNAMID, but states that they did nothing following his complaint. The men who assaulted him are reported by monitors as belonging to a militia controlled by a leader by the name of Zaroga.


A Janjaweed militia riding on the back of 75 camels and 16 horses attacked the villages of Takmarei, Dadai, Jebel Bain, Masalit and Abu Zaid, from the western side of Takamarei village.

The militia killed Zainab Adam Ismail and lashed her son following her refusal to allow them to take him away with them. They further raped a woman in her farm situated in Dadai before continuing their attacks on the village where they would whip any civilian they found.

Following these attacks the militia continued towards Abu Rezaiga where they attacked Mahjoub Ibrahim Salih, breaking his arm in the process and looting his 45 camels.


Antonov transport planes continued to bombard areas in East Jebel Marra on the 6th November through to the 9th November. Four barrel bombs were dropped near Fanga on the 9th causing the burning of a local village and neighbouring farms.


Monitors reported two separate incidents of attacks in Abushok IDP Camp situated in El-Fashir by a group of seven unknown men wearing military uniform and carrying weapons.

The men went into the camp at 23:00, splitting into a group of three and a group of four. The first reported incident occurred in Block 17 and Block 1, where they broke the left leg of an IDP. The second incident occurred in Block 10 and Block 4, when the group of three attacked and lashed an elderly woman and her daughter. The second incident resulted in a crowd forming and led to the men opening fire, with the elderly woman sustaining a gunshot wound in her right arm.

The victims have been named as:

  1. Al-Doma Haroon Musa
  2. Kaltoma Adam Ahmed
  3. Khadoj Abdallah Abakr

The community leaders pressed charges at the police station after receiving Form 8 (a form enabling a female to receive treatment, which use has been officially discontinued; however, still continues to be used in some cases) from both the hospital and from the Central Police Station in North Darfur State; however, the police did nothing and did not even visit the victims.


A Janjaweed militia attacked the village of Taradona riding aboard 25 4x4 vehicles. Following the attack three women were raped until they fell unconscious. The militia further looted the village of its goods and the personal possessions of civilians. The victims of sexual violence were taken to Tabit IDP Camp for treatment and not the hospital in fear of the Janjaweed militia.


A Janjaweed militia, seemingly working in cohorts with the Sudanese Air Force, attacked the villages of Kungara South and Kungara North in East Jebel Marra. Following Antonov bombardments, the militia arrived in the villages aboard 75 4x4 vehicles, with 150 persons riding on the back of camels and horses. The militia looted both villages, in the process killing six civilians and raping three women. The civilians were forced to flee their homes following the attack.

Four of those killed have been identified as:

  1. Mohamed Nour Khatir
  2. Musa Adam
  3. Gaafar Norain
  4. Musa Yagoub Ahmed


A Janjaweed militia attacked the village of Masalit situated near Tabit. During the attack a 25 year-old woman was raped whilst another woman was killed. As of yet the victim is currently unidentified. Further to the two assaults on the civilians the militia also looted the village and destroyed the neighbouring farms.


Nine Janjaweed militia men on the back of nine camels attacked two farmers from Rwanda IP Camp situated in Tawila, whilst they were tending to their farms in Tena, located west of Tawila. The attacks resulted in the severe injury of Abakr Abdelrasoul Abdelmajeed and Adam Abakr Ali, both of whom were taken to El Fashir where they failed to receive appropriate treatment, and consequently they have been transferred to Khartoum.

Following the attack the militia men released their livestock on to the farmland leading to its complete destruction. The victims have since filed a complaint to the local authorities; however, no action has been taken.


Four Janjaweed militia men riding on the back of camels wearing official military uniform and Al-Kamadol attacked Zakaria Abakr Mohamed in his farm situated 15km north of Mellit.

The militia men forcibly entered their livestock onto his farmland, and upon complaining the victim was shot in his right leg.  Zakaria Abakr Mohamed was taken to Mellit hospital where he received first aid, before then being transferred to El-Fashir educational hospital for surgery and treatment. The police have taken no action.


A Border Guard militia numbering some 25 persons attacked Gragir village, situated 9km from Dobo Al-Omda at 16:00. Local villagers were robbed on sight whilst two girls were raped one after the other. Following the attack the girls received treatment at a hospital whilst the incident was reported to the police, who ultimately failed to take any action.


Three members of a Janjaweed militia killed Ibrahim Adam Abakr Abdalla and injured his brother Suleiman Adam Abakr Abdalla severely in his abdomen and breaking his right arm whilst the two brothers were on their way to their home village of Dalil, situated 12km north of Korma - located 84km west of El-Fashir. The victims were attacked for refusing to hand over their money and mobile phones to the militia men. Following the attack the perpetrators looted the possessions of the civilians including mobile phones, two donkeys and SDG 2,000. UNAMID and the local army garrison were informed but took no action.

The men are under the command and control structure of Zaroga.


Five Janjaweed militia men killed two and injured one person in Masalit village in an attempted rape. The perpetrators entered the village at 20:00 dressed in military uniform with their faces masked by Al-Kamadol following which they attempted to rape a woman. The victim was killed following her fierce resistance along with her son, whilst the militia men injured the neighbour who had sought to assist the victim.

The incident has been reported to the police in Tabit, whilst local civilians have buried the deceased and ensured the neighbour received sufficient treatment.


A Janjaweed militia consisting of 15 persons riding aboard two land cruiser vehicles attacked six women and one man inside their farms situated in East Jebel Marra. The women were raped one after another whilst the man was killed following his attempts to protect the women.

The militia fled after they heard farmers from neighbouring tracts of farmland coming to assist the victims. The situation was reported to the police; however, the case was simply filed against an unknown perpetrator. The victims of sexual violence were taken to the hospital for treatment.


Four members of a Janjaweed militia known to be under the command and control structure of Badr Abu Keneish attacked the village of Lambati situated in Korma locality, beating children and firing indiscriminately at the population. Two children were killed and one injured from the Tunjur ethnic group following the attack:

  1. Ghazafi Yagbour Ali Ibrahim – 15 – Killed
  2. Abubakr Al-Doma Yassin Zubairi – 15 – Killed
  3. Adam Ibrahim Suleiman – 17 – Injured

The injured child was taken to El-Fashir hospital for treatment and the police were informed, though no action was taken.


Six Janjaweed militia men riding on the back of camels forcibly entered their livestock onto farmland situated in Seyi Seyiwa village. They were accompanied by three armoured vehicles, each mounted with a Doshka machine gun, and with some six to seven persons riding aboard each vehicle. The men are reported to belong to the militia commanded by Badr Abu Keneish, a militia leader, who is currently located in Damrat situated in the Tarni Mountains.

When the local civilians tried to move the militia men away from their crops the militia opened fired on them resulting in the serious injury of a 47 year-old man from the Zaghawa ethnic group and the group rape of a 37 year-old woman – also the sister of the injured man. The injured man received treatment following the attack whilst the woman has been transferred to an IDP Camp.

Victim Testimony:

“On Thursday 26th November, at 11:00, the camel herdsmen Janjaweed militia attacked us. They were six on the backs of camels covering their head with “Al-Kamadol” and carrying Kalashnikov weapons – with them also three four-wheeled armoured vehicles for protection.

They released their livestock on to our farms with the intention of grazing, damaging the agriculture and expelling us from our land. After we refused their entry to our crops they gathered my sister and I in one place. They said to us ‘slaves, where is your land?’ They opened fire on me with one bullet striking me in the back with another hitting my leg.

**** was raped alternately in front of me. They said they will rape and kill us. Afterwards they left us lying on the ground until 21:00, when our relatives came to collect us once the militia men had left. I was taken to El-Fashir for treatment whilst my sister was taken to an IDP Camp which had a hospital run by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).

We have reported the incident to UNAMID and to local police, but to this date neither have taken any action.”


The Sudanese Air Force dropped four barrel bombs utilising Antonov transport planes north of Tabit for three days following which a Janjaweed militia attacked the village of Dawa, situated 5km west of Tabit killing the following civilians:

  1. Ahmed Adam Salahedin
  2. Mohamed Shogar
  3. Adam Mohamed Toum

Ishag Adam Aldori was also injured during the attacks and was transferred to Kabkabeya hospital.


The Sudanese Air Force dropped an unspecified number of barrel bombs on the village of Toronga in Fanga area. The village of Toronga was destroyed, as were neighbouring tracts of farmland.

South Darfur


A group of Janjaweed militia men riding aboard a land cruiser vehicle attacked four women who were fetching firewood on the outskirts of Logaila village in East Jebel Marra. Two women managed to escape; however, the other two were caught and raped alternately until they fell unconscious.

The two victims were found by farmers passing by and were taken to the hospital after the incident was reported to the local police in Deribat.


Six Janjaweed militia members attacked a woman and her daughter in their farm situated 8km from Gereida. They were both alternately raped causing fatal injuries to the child who died shortly after. The mother was taken to Gereida hospital in a very serious condition. The police in Gereida have been informed but no action was taken.


Several unknown diseases have caused the death of 30 to 40 people in Otasch IDP Camp in Nyala. Two women have suffered from miscarriages as a result.


The Sudan Liberation Army – Abdel Wahid faction (SLA-AW) bombarded the Sudanese Armed Forces garrison in Deribat killing 22 soldiers in addition to two civilians. The Sudanese Armed Forces responded by indiscriminately bombarding areas where they believed the opposition were positioned.

The names of the two civilians killed are:

  1. Yahya Omer
  2. Abdelkarim Eisa Ahmed


A Janjaweed militia forcibly entered their cattle onto tracts of farmland in the following villages situated in Bielel locality:

  1. Arbaa Jumaiza
  2. Humeida
  3. Bashoum
  4. Kamski

This occurred following a decree made by the Government of South Darfur stating that all nomads must refrain from entering farmland before the farmers collect their harvest. The set date for harvest is January 2016.


A Janjaweed militia dressed in military uniform and masked with Al-Kamadol riding on the back of ten camels beat and raped five women in their farms situated 4km away from Gereida. The victims were found by other farmers and taken for treatment. The incident was reported to the police.

Following this particular incident citizens of Gereida demonstrated on the streets calling for the local Commissioner to provide security for civilians, or to resign from his position.


A Janjaweed militia forcibly entered their livestock onto the farms of the villagers in Nyala locality thereby causing complete destruction to the farmland and to the farmers’ crops. Civilians have informed the local authorities who have taken no action.

The villages affected are:

  1. Gashah Angamd
  2. Krokro
  3. Bulbul Tembsko
  4. Hero
  5. Dlal Angra
  6. Dambo Dambo


A Janjaweed militia is forcibly grazing its cattle in the farms of civilians in Kass Locality. Civilians have informed authorities regarding the situation; however, the authorities have failed to act.

Farms in the villages of Dora, Hamait Al-Donkey, Matoga, Bronga and Tor are all affected. In Bronga the militia entered their cattle onto farmland belonging to the Paramount Chief of the area who was beaten unconscious by the militia after he protested their presence. The Chief was taken for treatment to the hospital situated in Kass before being transferred to Nyala for further treatment.


A Government NGO distributed food for students in a school situated in Gereida Locality. The food distributed was past its expiry date and as such resulted in the poisoning of ten students, one of whom has subsequently died. Another three were transferred to Nyala hospital in dangerous conditions whilst the other six were held in Gereida hospital.

The student that died has been named as Abdelwahid Abakr. The three students transferred to Nyala have been named as:

  1. Mohamed Ali Yahya
  2. Musa Adam Yahya
  3. Mohamed Zain


A Janjaweed militia riding on some 80 land cruiser vehicles attacked the villages of Wali, Korgola and Basinga during which they raped eight women before looting the villages. Two of the eight women subsequently died following injuries sustained during their rape. The residents of the three villages have fled their homes as a consequence of the attacks.


A Janjaweed militia numbering some 150 persons aboard 17 land cruiser vehicles attacked the village of Kutrum in Derbat area. During the attacks they killed three children by running them over in their vehicles in addition to raping a woman alternately until she fell unconscious. The militia further looted the village and destroyed the farms thereby forcing the civilians to flee the area.


A Janjaweed militia forcibly entered their camels onto tracts of farmland in Hijair Tono village located 30km from Nyala and 10km from Bileil Locality. The militia, armed with Kalashnikovs and masking their faces with Al-Kamadol, shot at local farmers who sought to protect their crops. Consequently Ahmed Abakr Adam was shot in the leg and his son Salih was killed.

The incident was reported to the police who failed to take any meaningful action; rather they simply filed the case against an unknown perpetrator.


Camel herders, who work on behalf of Mohamed Eisa, the Commander of the Rapid Support Forces in the area, have forced 800 camels belonging to Mohamed Eisa onto tracts of farmland situated around the Manawashi area. Neither the Government nor the local authorities are doing anything to protect the territorial or property rights of local farmers.


An unknown militia in military uniform forcibly entered their livestock onto tracts of farmland situated in Dardama area, 5km from Al-Salam IDP Camp. Farmers who attempted to move on the livestock in order to protect their crops were fired upon by the militia which led to the death of two and the severe injury of a further two civilians.

The incident was reported to the police but no action was taken, whilst the injured received medical treatment. The two civilians killed have been identified as:

  1. Mariam Suliman
  2. Saif Aideen Abd Al-Rahman Abdalla


On this day doctors in Nyala went on strike after having failed to receive their monthly salary. Consequently, due to an absence of trained medical staff, three women died on the 20th November whilst giving birth.


A 15 year-old school girl was kidnapped and raped by a member of a local Janjaweed militia in Kass at approximately 18:00 whilst she was returning home from evening lessons at her school. A local IDP found the minor with her hands tied and a scarf stuffed in her mouth. The incident was reported to local police who failed to investigate and simply registered the case against an anonymous perpetrator.


Janjaweed militia men lashed four women in their Farms near Gereida. The militia men were dressed in military uniform with their faces masked by Al-Kamadol. The camps Sheikhs reported the incident to the police and to the Commissioner; however, the case was rejected by both stating that the victims simply should not have gone to their farms in the first place.

The women have been named as:

  1. Sita
  2. Gabsha Abdalla Hassan Shagegat
  3. Botheina Ibrahim
  4. Unknown


Cattle herders from the Rezaigat ethnic group, dressed in military uniform and wielding Kalashnikovs, forcibly entered their livestock on to tracts of farmland near the village of Karo in Jogana locality situated 30km from Gereida. The cattle herders, arriving on camel back and in two armoured land cruisers, killed a local farmer prompting the other farmers to respond violently killing two of the perpetrators. This led to further conflict between the two groups in which several individuals from both sides were injured. 

The police in Jogana were informed of the unfolding incident but took no action. Instead local civilians took it upon themselves to visit the site in order to rescue the wounded, who were taken to Gereida hospital, as well as to fetch the bodies of those killed and bury them in Jogana. In response the Commissioner in Gereida formed a committee to travel to the site of the incident to ascertain what had happened and to arrest the perpetrators, though nothing subsequently occurred following this order.

The names of those killed are as follows:

  1. Abakr Hamid Abdalla – The local farmer killed during the initial incident.
  2. Hussein Ibrahim Mohamed – Original Perpetrator killed in retaliation.
  3. Ibrahim Mohamed Hamid – Original Perpetrator killed in retaliation.


Cattle herders from the Rezaigat ethnic group forcibly entered their livestock onto tracts of farmland in Jazmozi village, situated south-east of Gereida locality. The local farmers responded by trying to force the cattle out, following which the Rezaigat militia opened fire killing two civilians and injuring several others.

The incident has been reported to the police and to the Commissioner in Gereida, both of which have simply registered the case against anonymous perpetrators.

The names of those killed are as follows:

  1. Mukhtar Adam Mohamed
  2. Al-Nazir Omer El-Sheikh


Janjaweed militia men forcibly entered their camels onto farmland owned by IDPs situated 2km away from Al-Salam Camp situated in Nyala. One IDP was killed and several injured when the farmers sought to prevent the Janjaweed militia men from forcing their camels onto their farmland. The incident has been reported to the police and to UNAMID; however, no action has been taken.


A Janjaweed militia, travelling in vehicles and on camel back, attacked Derbat in the area of Bayart at 11:00. During the attack two civilians were killed and two girls were raped, following which the militia looted 84 cows and displaced the villagers before utilising the farmland to graze their livestock. The two civilians killed have been identified as:

  1. Ibrahim Haroon
  2. Adam Abakr

Central Darfur


A Janjaweed militia attacked a vehicle loaded with goods on is way from Nyala to Zalingei. Abdelrahman Adam Osman, the vehicles owner, was shot in the leg and his goods looted.


Three Janjaweed militia men attacked a civilian vehicle carrying goods from Kass to Zalingei in the Tor area. The militia men looted the goods and killed the three civilians after they refused to hand over their mobile phones.

The civilians have been named as:

  1. Yousif Siddig
  2. Mohamed Tigani Birair
  3. Al-Bushra

The police in Nertiti were informed of the incident by civilians travelling from Zalingei who found the dead bodies and the looted vehicle, but no action was taken.


A Janjaweed militia numbering some 200 persons dressed in military uniform attacked the IDP Camp in Nertiti forcing the displaced persons to flee the camp to the mountains and to the beds of water streams. Yousif Siddig, an IDP, was killed inside his shop by the militia. The Government and UNAMID were aware of the attack but took no action. Following the incident the remaining IDPs took the deceased person to the police, who failed to take any action.


Monitors have been reporting an increasing trend of ethnic violence taking place between two ethnic groups of Arab ethnicity in Umm Dukhun locality. On this day in Marakondi area, situated east of Umm Dukhun locality and south-east Wadi Salih, two civilians were killed from the Salamat ethnic group by armed robbers from the Beni Halba following theft of the formers livestock.

Members of the Salamat responded violently killing three civilians from Beni Halba and confiscating their cattle. Subsequently numerous initiatives have been launched to deescalate tensions; however, the situation remains very tense.

East Darfur


A Rezaigat ethnic militia mobilised to attack the Ma’alia after the former accused the latter of stealing a camel. This is in spite of information in existence stating that the camel was stolen by members of a different ethnic group.

West Darfur


Four Janjaweed militia men robbed and severely injured three civilians whilst they were returning from their farms near Morni area. The victims reported the incident to the police and returned to the scene of the incident, but by the time they arrived the perpetrators had left.


Three Janjaweed militia men attacked Abdeen Arbab, an employee of the local police force, whilst he was returning home from his work at 22:00. The victim sustained wounds in the abdomen, pelvis and head, and was taken to Geneina Royal Hospital for treatment. Charges were brought forward against the attackers but they have not been found.


Three Janjaweed militia men, two of whom were wearing military uniform whilst the third was in civilian attire, raped two women in their farms situated 4km away from Aroum in Habila locality. Immediately following the attack the women reported to the Army Garrison in the region and to the local police situated in Morni, both of which took no action.

Blue Nile


SPLM-N forces looted 300 sheep from Adam Atora in Gombrda area in El-Kurmuk locality.


A police man working as an agricultural farm guard killed Jaka Morro, a 30 year-old shepherd, after his livestock entered the farmland he was guarding in Wad Al-Mahi area situated in El-Roseires locality.


Military Intelligence forces arrested Aydo Al-Nour, the head of the People’s Committee in the area of Beleng Ingessana, for the stated reason that he is in contact with the SPLM-N. Monitors note that the real reason for Aydo Al-Nour’s arrest is that he refused to sanction his daughter’s marriage to a member of the Military Intelligence forces.


Military Intelligence detained 60 year-old Babiker Hamza, the elder of the Al-Ragreg ethnic group, for asking the authorities to release the detainees from his ethnic group. Babiker Hamza, resident of Al-Thwra neighbourhood in Demazin is detained inside a container in the Sudanese Armed Forces Fourth Division Headquarters in Demazin.


A civilian vehicle and another vehicle containing members of Military Intelligence collided in a road traffic accident. The surviving civilians were forced out of the car and ordered to harvest Baobab for the benefit of the Military Intelligence members. Those that refused to do so were threatened with arrest.

During the initial collision the following were killed:

  1. Kaltoum Al-Kalifa
  2. Al-Hadi Jadain

Whilst the following were injured:

  1. Salwa Hangog
  2. Jamila Al-Faki
  3. Gamaredin Jadain
  4. Omer Hussein
  5. Adam Al-Faki
  6. Unknown
  7. Unknown


Ramadan Ashmra was arrested in front of Al-Hejra Mosque in North Demazin by National Intelligence and Security Services for publicly speaking about the tragic situation that Blue Nile citizens face themselves in.


Military Intelligence forces situated in Abu Garin area arrested Rajab Dafaallah, a 33 year-old resident from Bao locality, on the suspicion that he is in contact with SPLM-N forces. Information confirms that he was transferred by a land cruiser to the Sudanese Armed Forces Fourth Infantry Division Headquarters in Demazin, and that he is being held in a container.


A 17 year-old girl from Alazaza situated in El-Roseires locality was raped by a member of the Sudanese military who is stationed at El-Roseires dam. The rape occurred whilst the soldier was in full military uniform.

As a result of the rape the victim has lost her hymen and suffers from bleeding and pain in the vaginal area as well as a broken tooth and swollen lip. The police have refused to press charges and the victim is still suffering from trauma.


Forces from the SPLM-N looted 600 sheep from Hamoda Al-Haja in Al-Goz area in Tadamon locality. Additionally the forces opened fire on the shepherds forcing their dispersal before looting all of their belongings.

The forces in question attempted to justify their actions by stating that the shepherds are from the Al-Hilawen Al-Zain ethnic group that fights on behalf of the Government.


The Blue Nile Security Committee headed by Alaadin Fouad, the head of the National Intelligence and Security Services in Blue Nile, and Hussein Yasin, the State Governor, refused the entrance of a medical convoy into Demazin city without providing an explanation.


National Intelligence and Security Services members’ impounded two Austin lorry vehicles from Ibrahim Al-Daw following suspicion that on the 1st September 2015 he smuggled goods to the SPLM-N forces.


Alitaa Younis was transferred by the Sudanese Armed Forces Fourth Infantry Division Headquarters in Demazin to Demazin Royal Hospital due to his deteriorating health condition.

Alitaa Younis has been detained since his arrest in July 2015 following accusations that as a shepherd he sold the SPLM-N milk.

Monitors confirm that there are another 30 people held within the same container as Alitaa Younis, all of who are suffering from serious illness relating to lack of food, sleep, washroom and medicine.


Military Intelligence forces in Demazin arrested Mohamed Keen Al-Zeav, a 34 year-old Ingessana, and confiscated his motorcycle on suspicion that he is communicating with SPLM-N.

South Kordofan


Monitors this month have highlighted the general levels of insecurity, and most notably the impact of several ethnic militias originating from Arab ethnic groups throughout South Kordofan. Such ethnic militias are taking advantage of the security situation, which restricts freedom of movement for civilians, by operating roadblocks early in the day or late at night. Such roadblocks are used to attack civilians and loot their personal possessions. Examples of this can be found in incidents reported on the 19th, 24th and 30th November.


A man was found dead on the west side of Al-Tomat neighbourhood in Delling, which lies on the road connecting Al-Takma and Kerkraya Hajar Jawad. The deceased’s belongings including his ID, papers and motorcycle was stolen. The offenders have not been identified and as of yet no evidence has been collected.


A civilian survived an attack in the same area of Delling as the previous attack on the 19th where the dead body was found. The victim stated that he was attacked by several perpetrators who sought to steal his luggage but fled when another civilian vehicle approached.


Monitors reported an attack by the SPLM-N on Um Olwan village situated north-west of Delling in Delling Locality. The attack is the consequence of inflaming tensions and escalating incidents between members from the Hawazma ethnic group and the local garrison in question. The Hawazma from this particular village had attacked the SPLM-N camp previously killing two soldiers in response to the SPLM-N having earlier looted their cattle. This led the SPLM-N to attack the village in question killing civilians including women and children. As of yet the death count is unclear but constitutes members from both sides. Seven persons have been rushed to Delling hospital, whilst four shops in the village were looted, 100 cows stolen and farms destroyed.


Ahmed Hijazi Dafaallah was killed whilst returning home from his farm in Al-Tomat area, east of Abassyia Tagli. The victim was blocked by two armed men who opened fire killing him instantly.

West Kordofan


The Sudanese Armed Forces shot dead Hamid Jomaa Hamid as a result of him riding aboard a motorcycle, claiming that motorcycles are currently illegal in the state. This incident occurred in front of numerous civilians who in response led a demonstration, following which the local government declared a state of emergency. In spite of this state of emergency one social club continued to remain open. This club was attacked by a Nuer South Sudanese militia within the area under Commander Thomas who indiscriminately fired upon the patrons injuring two.



SUDO (UK) monitors highlighted the arrest and harassment of tea makers throughout Khartoum, in addition to the imposition of large fines. A 50 year-old displaced person interviewed by SUDO relies on her position as a tea maker for her livelihood and comments that she “struggle[s] with police harassments and paying the fines to the state, [and that she] considers quitting this job if [she] fines something else.”

It is not only tea makers suffering from police harassment regarding their livelihood, but also other displaced persons serving in other positions such as the food industry for example where another displaced person commented on extortionate fines of SDG 500 for conducting their work. Those that cannot afford the fines are remanded in custody until they can do so. This happened in the instance of a woman arrested for selling Shisha who was fined SDG 2000. Such a high fine is afforded on people deemed to be foreign; however, in this instance the person in question was a Sudanese national, though was never granted a national number. Consequently she was sentenced to prison for seven days until she could pay the fine.


On this date the Government of Sudan prevented leaders from the National Consensus Forces from leaving Khartoum to travel to Paris in order to attend a meeting with other oppositional parties that constituted the Sudan Call.


Members from the National Intelligence and Security Services arrested Khalid Bahar, the communication and media officer of the New Forces Movement (HAG) – a split from the Sudanese Communist Party in the early 1990s – after he conducted a public speech in Khartoum market.


National Intelligence and Security Services arrested Musab Osman, a Darfurian student from the Holy Quran University. Musab Osman is actively working with the Darfur Student Alliance.


National Intelligence and Security Services entered the Darfurian student accommodation at the Holy Quran University following a suspected arson attempt. Intelligence forces accused the Darfuri students of setting the fire and consequently arrested six persons named as:

  1. Nasreden Mukhtar – Chair of the Darfur Student Alliance
  2. Ahmed Abdelatif
  3. Zeriab Mohamed Adam – Student at the Medical Sciences University
  4. Al-Tayeb Ibrahim Ahmed
  5. Abdelhakam Abdalla – Student at the Holy Quran University
  6. Nabil Suleiman – Student at the Holy Quran University


The National Intelligence and Security Services stopped the broadcasting of a radio show titled Beyout Al-Sabah or “Houses of Dawns”, broadcasted by Radio Al-Bait Al-Sudani. The reasons for this censorship was that the presenter of the show, Iman Mutwakil, had invited Professor Ali Baldo, a psychology consultant, as a guest and were discussing corruption in state institutions.


National Congress Party students, aided by members of the National Intelligence and Security Services, attacked members of the Darfur Student Alliance whilst they were organising a public talk at the Sudan University for Science and Technology. During the attack eight students were injured and the chair of the Darfur Student Alliance branch at the university was arrested.


Local authority officials ordered the destruction of 100 shops situated in Omdurman market without giving previous notice. This resulted in huge losses incurred by the traders who had already paid a yearly rent, in addition to not being prepared to move their goods to an alternative location. With much at stake the traders clashed with the local authorities resulting in the injury of two persons.


National Intelligence and Security Services agents prevented Dr. Babiker Ahmed Al-Hassan from travelling to Addis Ababa in order to participate in the preparatory meeting of the African Union Higher Implementation Panel. The intelligence services further continued their harassment of civil society activists by confiscating their passports at the airport before or after travelling abroad.


The National Consensus Forces organised a sit-in in solidarity with the Darfuri students as a result of their continued harassment by the National Intelligence and Security Services. As a consequence of the sit-in the intelligence services arrested:

  1. Sidig Yousif – Leader of the National Consensus Forces and Communist Party
  2. Mohamed Diaedin – Speaker of the Ba’ath Socialist Party
  3. Fathi Nouri – Prominent Member of the National Consensus Forces
  4. Azhari Ali – Prominent Member of the National Consensus Forces



Monitors report that primary schools within Kassala are still collecting money from the parents of children despite legislation stating that all children have a right to free primary education.

All schools that impose such fees do not have a set value thus it fluctuates depending on the child, whilst the income from such fees are not disclosed within the schools budget. For those that cannot pay the fees they are removed from the school. Schools in the locality have expelled 30 students as a result of failing to pay the fees in the beginning of November. The schools furthermore do not present any official written orders stating the need to collect these fees.


Kassala’s local authority has been clamping down on street vendors in Kassala’s market following the imposition of a new Governor some nine months ago. The new Governor has appointed a permanent administrative officer who works every day until 22:00 to prevent such vendors from working. Those that are caught are arrested and fined an extortionate amount. The local authority are in particular clamping down on tea sellers and vendors of Kisra. Consequently such vendors have left the market and are in operation in small roads further away from potential clients. Additionally the locality has banned foreign women from working, a decision made in September 2015.

An interview with a woman affected by this decision stated that not only did the locality ban foreigners – mainly Ethiopians - from working in the market, but also those under the age of 30. The woman in question has to work in secret operating outside of a shop on constant alert of a potential police raid in order to hide her things. She has been arrested two weeks prior to the interview and fined SDG 300. She further commented that there are many women, like herself, dependent on the market and the trading of their goods for survival – but many are afraid now to take the risk.


Four students in Halfa Al-Jadeeda were arrested after a meeting in the Faculty of Education to prepare a speech for the following day regarding preparations for the student elections at Kassala University in December. Those arrested were:

  1. Ali Idris – Faculty of Health
  2. Mohamed Muda – Faculty of Medicine
  3. Ahmed Abdelgafar – Faculty of Medicine
  4. Unknown

The four were arrested from the market and released soon after the speech. They had not suffered from torture or corporal punishment.

Red Sea State

General Provision of Basic Services in Tokar Locality


The local Ministry of Education department officially states there are 47 primary schools in the locality, when in fact there are only 11:

  1. Al-Dalta
  2. Um-Al-Mominen
  3. Amar Bin Yasir
  4. Al-Garbia
  1. Al-Faroug
  2. Abubakr Al-Sidig
  3. Amar Bin Yasir
  4. Al-Garbia
  5. Dolbia
  6. Khojaly Dowair
  7. Shamal Tokar

The locality only contains two high schools – one for each sex – whilst there is a severe shortage of teachers. Again official papers state that there are numerous teachers; however, in reality they are either fictional or they simply do not turn up to work. It is unclear as there is a complete lack of supervision regarding teacher attendance.


Monitors have described the hospital in Tokar locality as a “skeleton”. The most qualified Doctor in attendance is only a medical assistant with basic training on how to use syringes and aid kits. The hospital operates within a laboratory technician thus diagnosis is undertaken utilising traditional local medicines.

The Obstetric Department meanwhile contains a medical assistant aided by untrained, uneducated traditional midwives who simply inherited their positions from their mothers and grandmothers. They do not even operate within a ward but instead utilise a Niem tree where the mother and baby are kept, often in fear for wild dogs operating within the area.

Meanwhile the ambulance is simply a cart with two metal poles and wood pulled by a donkey that is in an unhealthy state.   


Officials from Tokar locality are abusing their positions in order to purchase the harvest of farmers through traders for exceptionally low prices, which they retain until after the harvests and sell at exceptionally high prices. A typical tomato box would cost SDG 1 but is increased to SDG 4 following the harvest whilst the price of a big bag of Okra increases by SDG 5. Sugarcane would be bought for less that SDG 1 and sold anywhere between SDG 3 and SDG 5.

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