Please note: Map markers are approximate and for illustration purposes only.

Human Rights Abuses in Sudan Over the Month of August 2016



During the month of August 2016, SUDO (UK)’s network of human rights monitors submitted 72 reports concerning human rights abuses across Sudan in nine Sudanese states.

Enclosed within the 72 reports, SUDO (UK) has assessed that forces under the direct control of the Government of Sudan[1] were responsible for 38 instances of human rights abuses, whilst forces categorised as Janjaweed were responsible for 25 such abuses. The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – North were held accountable for four human rights abuses, whilst unknown perpetrators were involved in three instances. Finally, a Ma’alia militia was involved in one such abuse during an attack on Rezaigat civilians in East Darfur. In total, 71 actors were deemed responsible for abuses contained within the 72 reports. The extra report noted the Press and Publications Court decision to dismiss a case against an Al-Jareeda journalist and the Editor-in-Chief following the publication of an article in the same newspaper detailing corruption in Omdurman locality.

The 72 reports further detail the following: the death of 33 civilians including three minors; the rape of 12 persons including one minor; the injury of 52 civilians; 14 incidents of abduction; 12 arrests; seven reports of aerial bombardment lasting multiple days targeting 28 civilian villages or settlements utilising barrel bombs and explosive bombs; one incident involving religious freedom; and 20 incidents relating to media freedom including eight ongoing trials, five newspaper suspensions, four investigations against individuals and newspapers, three newspaper confiscations, three assaults on journalists whilst undertaking their work, and one threat levelled at newspapers against reporting on the plummeting value of the SDG against the dollar and publishing statements of opposition figures during the AUHIP negotiations in Addis Ababa.

Specific Incidents and Trends over the Month of August 2016

Darfur Aerial Bombardments

During the month of August 2016, monitors submitted seven reports concerning aerial bombardments in the Darfur region. The bombardments reported and verified were focussed on the Jebel Marra and surrounding region with four located in Central Darfur, two in North Darfur and one in South Darfur.

In total, eight persons were identified by monitors as killed and one as severely injured. The bombardments lasted anywhere from one to eight days with a total of 20 days’ worth of aerial bombardment targeting 28 civilian villages or settlements. In addition to civilian casualties, livestock, houses, farmland and fruit gardens were all destroyed during the attacks.

It is worth noting that civilians who are able to flee the bombardments in search of protection were left at the mercy of various militias roaming throughout Darfur. On the 29th August 2016, monitors reported the death of three civilians and the injury of four at the hands of a Janjaweed militia. The civilians had left their homes to find sanctuary in Kator, North Darfur, as a result of the aerial bombardments that had targeted their homes only two days prior on the 27th August 2016. The attack took place a mere 12km from the Sudanese Armed Forces Headquarters in the area.

Repatriation of Sudanese Civilians from Italy

On the 24th August, 2016, 40 Sudanese civilians were repatriated from Italy to Sudan having been detained near the Italian-French border, whilst trying to cross into France from Italy.

Once detained, the irregular migrants were placed in prison where they were promised that they would be transferred to a camp where their asylum claims would be assessed. Instead, they were forcibly repatriated to Sudan following the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between Italy and Sudan concerning cooperation on migration on the 4th August. The text has not been made public, though it includes clauses concerning repatriation.

Before their departure, the 40 persons were promised to be compensated with $3,000. A number of the irregular migrants were taken shopping prior to their departure where they bought clothes for themselves and their relatives.

As soon as they arrived in Khartoum they were met by the Sudanese authorities and taken to a room inside the airport as a precaution to stop them talking to the media. Eventually Sudani newspaper was invited to see the repatriated migrants at Khartoum Airport. Though the Sudanese authorities only allowed them to interview one person, who was instructed on what to say. Consequently, the individual explained to Sudani newspaper that he regretted taking the journey and that he called upon the youth of Sudan to not follow in his footsteps. He further remarked that he approached the Sudanese embassy in Italy directly to facilitate his return home.

Shortly after the interview the migrants were allowed to go home on condition that they reported to the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) the next day. The following day the migrants attended the NISS premises where they were interrogated about their journey to Italy and the individuals that facilitated their travel.

Five or six of the individuals arrested had entered Italy from Greece via Istanbul using forged passports. The remaining Sudanese irregular migrants had arrived across the Mediterranean Sea via Cairo.

Incident Reports

North Darfur


Three unknown militiamen assaulted and raped two women inside their farms, situated 6km from Dobo Al-Omda village.

The victims were raped multiple times over a three-hour period.


Three Janjaweed militiamen, under the command and control structure of Badr Abu Keneish, kidnapped 11-year-old Abdelgani Yusuf Adam whilst he was grazing his sheep in Marar, situated in Tawila locality. The kidnappers took the boy to an unknown location.

The incident was reported to the police in Tawila.


Four Janjaweed militiamen, under the command and control structure of Badr Abu Keneish, fatally wounded 36-year-old Osman Abubakar, a Fur from Sangu village. The militiamen ordered the victim off of his donkey, though he refused leading the Janjaweed militiamen to open fire. Relatives and civilians nearby heard the gunshots and rushed to the scene of the incident. Within an hour Osman Abubakar had succumbed to his injuries. He was taken to El Fasher morgue and the case was reported to the police.


The body of ex-Janjaweed militia member Khamis Adam was discovered in Taradona village, located 15km south of Tawila. The victim was killed following his decision to leave the Janjaweed militia under the command of Badr Abu Keneish.

Khamis Adam was a 30-year-old resident of Bardi village from the Tama ethnic group


Five Janjaweed militiamen raped two women and one minor, aged 17, 20, and 21 respectively, in Kator village. The victims were raped alternately at gunpoint over a two-hour period. They were later found by local villagers who took them to receive treatment. It should be noted that the victims did not receive medical treatment by a doctor, rather they received traditional medicines.


Four Janjaweed militiamen raped two women in Galab, which is located 20km south-east of Tabit. The women were raped in their farms in front of their husbands. Following the attack, the militiamen tied up the husbands with rope and fled to an unknown destination.


The Sudanese Air Force dropped six explosive bombs onto an Arab nomadic area located in the south of Fanga, in East Jebel Marra. The bombardment resulted in the destruction of houses and the death of a number of cattle.


A Popular Defence Forces militiaman opened fire on three brothers from Shadad IDP Camp causing serious injury. The attack allegedly followed a discussion in which the brothers were speaking about human rights abuses perpetrated by the government and its associated militias. Monitors identified the inured as:

  1. Adam Abdullah Ahmed, 23, Tunjur;
  2. Mohamed Abdullah Ahmed, 20, Tunjur;
  3. El-Tayeb Abdullah Ahmed, 14, Tunjur.

The perpetrator was identified by eyewitnesses as a 30-year-old volunteer teacher in the camp who is a member of the Popular Defence Forces. The incident was reported to the police in El-Fashir.


The Sudanese Air Force bombarded the villages of Fori, Khazan Tunjur, Kidnair, and Fina over a three-day period causing the destruction of farmland and the death of livestock. The villages are located in East Jebel Mara, close to Deribat locality in South Darfur.


Five Janjaweed militiamen assaulted and kidnapped two cattle herders from Dobo Al-Omda village. The militiamen then proceeded to Malam with the abducted civilians and their livestock. Monitors identified the kidnapped as:

  1. Ibrahim Yagoub Adam, 35;
  2. Abdelkarim Adam Yahia, 40.


A Janjaweed militiaman, under the command and control structure of Hafiz Daoud, shot three young men in Kassab IDP Camp in an unprovoked attack. One male was killed during the attack. Monitors identified the deceased as:

  1. Tarig Babiker Suliman, 16, Fur, Student.

The incident was reported to the police, however, they refused to file a report on the matter.


Three Janjaweed militiamen, under the overall command and control structure of Badr Abu Keneish, attacked and looted the belongings and livestock of Adam Omer Yousuf, a 23-year-old farmer from the Tunjur ethnic group, on his farm situated in the Abu Zaid Agricultural Scheme located to the west of Tabit in Tawila locality.

The farmer was shot in the leg as he sought to protect his livestock, estimated at 32 sheep and a donkey, from being looted by the militiamen. Following the attack, the militiamen fled to the north towards Se Swa village firing into the air forcing the temporary displacement of other farmers as they looted their properties and livestock.


A Janjaweed militia under the overall command and control structure of Fadul Al-Nagi kidnapped six persons from Adidi village before taking them to Fadl Al-Nagi’s residence in Basm village, which is located in Saraf Omra locality. The individuals were kidnapped following an incident in which one farmer from Dankoj IDP Camp accidently hit a camel whilst driving resulting in the breaking of one of the camel’s legs.

Following the kidnap, the militia demanded 38,000,000 SDG in exchange for their release. After negotiations with a local community leader the militiamen released the kidnapped persons on the condition that the payment would be delivered within 20 days. Failure to do so would lead to the destruction of the village.

The kidnapped civilians were named as:

  1. Abdelrahim Sulieman, 63, Fur;
  2. Salih Abdelrahim Sulieman, 21, Fur;
  3. Adam Abdelrahim Sulieman, 24, Fur;
  4. Zakariya Ismail Ahmed, 42, Fur;
  5. Ibrahim Sulieman, 60, Fur;
  6. Adam Abdulrahman Sulieman, 50, Fur.

The incident was reported to the police in Saraf Omra and to UNAMID.


Janjaweed militiamen numbering some 25 persons attacked farmers on their way to Kator killing three persons and injuring four. The farmers had previously fled the earlier bombardments two days prior in the villages of Qabas (as stated on the 27th in this report) and Anquruqi, and were continuing their journey when they were attacked by the militiamen. The incident took place 12km from the Sudanese Armed Forces headquarters in Kator. The injured persons were taken to the Sudanese Armed Forces hospital for treatment by civilians and Sudanese Armed Forces personnel. Monitors identified the following casualties:


  1. Adam Hamid Mohamed, 25;
  2. Adam Ahmed Muda, 41;
  3. Mohamed Ibrahim Adam, 37.


  1. Hussein Khamis Yousuf, 55;
  2. Abdulhaiy Haroon Abubakr, 28;
  3. Abdul Latif Salih, 34;
  4. Mariam Abubakar Isa, 37.

South Darfur


Eight Janjaweed militiamen forcibly entered their cattle onto farmland situated in Arkom village, located 4km east of Bileil locality. Following protests from the local farmers, the militiamen opened fire leading to the death of one and the injury of four. Monitors identified the following casualties:


  1. Abdelhadi Abdullah.


  1. Mohamed Ahmed;
  2. Omer Khatir;
  3. Osman Omer Khatir;
  4. Abubakar Adam.


The Sudanese Air Force dropped 12 explosive bombs on the villages of Sina and Swani, which are situated 4km from Malam locality. The aerial bombardment resulted in the injury of one displaced woman by the name of Hawa Sulieman Omer in addition to the destruction of houses and the death of livestock.


A Committee from the Ministry of Engineering Affairs, accompanied by police, removed 38 displaced persons’ homes in Sakli IDP Camp, which is located 7km south of Nyala. The Committee defended their decision on security grounds insisting that the homes must be replaced with a police post in order to maintain security in the camp.

The occupants who lost their homes have been abandoned by the authorities and have been left outside in heavy rainfall devoid of shelter and the prospect for alternative arrangements.


Three Janjaweed militiamen assaulted and shot Fadlallah Mansour Hezbollah, a lawyer, causing injury inside his home as they sought to loot his possessions. The militiamen first threatened the lawyer to hand over his mobile phone, though assaulted him and shot him in the leg following his refusal to do so. Fadlallah Mansour Hezbollah lost consciousness before being taken by neighbours to a local hospital for treatment.


An unknown militiaman fatally wounded Mohamed Issa Mohamed, a civilian, in an attack on a TV Club in Jamiza Kamura. The militiaman entered the club and began shooting in the air causing the civilians gathered to flee towards their homes. Upon hearing the sound of gunfire Mohamed Issa Mohamed attended the scene where he was then fatally wounded after asking the militiaman for the reason of his attack.

The victim was taken to Kass Hospital where he died shortly after.


Three Janjaweed militiamen kidnapped two civilians from their homes in Tor village, situated in south Jebel Marra. The civilians have been named as:

  1. Ibrahim Salih Sharaf Mohamed, 42;
  2. Issa Khamis Bolad, 58.


Members from the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) summoned Mahjoub Hassan, a journalist for Al-Sudani newspaper in Nyala, to their offices following an article he wrote concerning the distribution of 5000 sacks of outdated flour produced by Seen Flour Mills Company to bakeries situated in Nyala.

He was summoned for causing confusion amongst the civilians.


Two Janjaweed militiamen shot dead Jido Abubakar Idris, a 32-year-old displaced civilian, in Otasch IDP Camp situated in Nyala. The motive for the killing of Jido Abubakar Idris remains unclear.


Two Janjaweed militiamen shot Ahmed Mansour in front of his home in Nyala before escaping to an unknown destination. The victim was taken to a local medical facility for treatment. The motive for the attack is unclear.


Three Janjaweed militiamen raped a 25-year-old woman whilst she was on her way to her farm from her home in Bili village, situated 15km south of Kass locality.

The victim was raped alternately by the three militiamen before they fled the scene. The victim was transferred to a medical facility to obtain treatment for injuries sustained in the attack.


Janjaweed militiamen, numbering 15 persons dressed in military uniform, fired on 30 civilians as they were making their way from Gereida locality to Hashaba market. The attack resulted in the injury of three persons and the looting of personal possessions. Monitors identified the injured persons as:

  1. Adam Ali Mohamed, 30, resident of Frioca IDP Camp;
  2. Yasin Mohamed Yagoub, 25, Abdos IDP Camp;
  3. Abubakar Ishag, 35, Abusfarik IDP Camp.

The injured persons received treatment a local medical facility.


Janjaweed militiamen numbering 10 persons opened fire on eight displaced persons whilst they were on their way to their farms in Sokar Edan village, situated 10km away from Gereida. The attack resulted in the death of one person and the injury of five. They have been named as:


  1. Kabor Abdelrazig Hashim, 21.


  1. Mohamed Ali Mohamed, 30;
  2. Musa Ahmed Sulieman, 35;
  3. Adam Daoud Ali, 22;
  4. Ibrahim Mohamed Ateem, 40;
  5. Um Gutia Khatir Hashim, 25.

The injured persons have been taken to a local medical facility for treatment and the case was reported to the police, however the police have failed to take any action.


Four Janjaweed militiamen shot Osman, aged 35, in his farm situated in Tawila village, 7km south east of Gereida locality, before looting 550 SDG cash and a mobile phone. Osman received serious injuries and was transferred to a local medical facility for treatment.


Three Janjaweed militiamen assaulted and raped a 26-year-old woman from the Bargo ethnic group in Srambanga village, located in Kass locality. The militiamen attacked the woman as she left her home to collect firewood. The victim was found by her relatives following the attack and was immediately taken to a local medical facility for treatment.

Central Darfur


The number of arrested persons following the meeting with Donald Booth, the US Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan, increased to 11 following the earlier arrest of seven persons identified in SUDO (UK)’s July report. The following have been arrested according to monitors:

  1. Mohamed El-Tigani Yousuf;
  2. Al-Omda Al-Rasheed Issa Mohamed;
  3. Adam Hamid Adam;
  4. Ahmed Abdullah Omer;
  5. Adam Siddig Abdullah;
  6. Abdelkarim Adam Abdelkarim;
  7. Ahmed Suleiman;
  8. Alaa El-Dien Yousuf Abdelrahman;
  9. Nasreldin Yousuf Abdelrahman;
  10. Adam Mohamed Ali;
  11. Ahmed El-Tigani Abdeljabar Yousuf.

The following individuals were being tracked down by the NISS officials for questioning:

  1. Adam Yousuf;
  2. Mohamed Adam Abdelkarim;
  3. Adam Ali Hamid.
  4. Mohamed Ahmed Hassan


The Sudanese Air Force bombed six villages around Sorong over a four-day period leading to the death of six civilians. The villages of Kerlnj Banij, Kabli, Tring, Barbara, Koro and Kwili were bombarded during the attacks, with five deaths confirmed whilst on their farms in Kabli village and another from Tring village. Monitors identified the deceased as:

Kabli village:

  1. Hawa Yahya Abubakar Karam El-Dein, 50;
  2. Sana Ishag Khamis, infant son of Hawa Yahya Abubakar Karam El-Dien;
  3. Mohamed Ali Abdullah, 17;
  4. Hanona Ishag, 27;
  5. Tamja Ishag Khamis, 19.

Tring village:

  1. Shadia Salih Bakhit.


The Sudanese Air Force bombed three villages over an eight-day period in north-west and west Jebel Marra. Explosive bombs were dropped on the villages of Grlang, Bang and Tontonga. Six bombs were recorded in Torntonga resulting in the death of Mariam Al-Haj Adam, an 81-year-old blind woman, whilst ten bombs were recorded in Grland village leading to the destruction of five homes and a number of livestock.


Five Janjaweed militiamen under the overall command and control structure of Musa Issa of the Al-Nwaibah ethnic group assaulted a 17-year-old student named Khalil Hassan Yahya of the Gamir ethnic group in Guibi Valley, located in Nertiti locality.

The militiamen beat the student in his farm before looting his possessions including his clothes. Following the incident, the militiamen fled to Korni, which is the current base of Musa Issa’s militia.


Janjaweed militiamen on board four Landcruiser vehicles looted seven stores in Nertiti. Upon entering the market, the militiamen broke into the stores and looted the goods before leaving. The looting occurred in the presence of the Joint Forces consisting of the Rapid Support Forces and the Police who are mandated to guard the market.


The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) detained two civilians in Zalingei in retaliation for the failure of Abu Al-Gasim Imam, leader of the Sudan Liberation Movement – The Second Revolution (SLM-2ed R) to attend the negotiations in Addis Ababa. The two civilians were named as:

  1. Saeed Imam Al-Ahaj, teacher in Um Al-Gura Secondary School, brother of Abu Al-Gasim Imam;
  2. Mohamed Adam (A.K.A Janko), former Rokero locality Governor.

Saeed Imam Al-Ahaj was furthermore forced to sign a pledge confirming that he would not incite displaced persons. Both civilians were detained for a period of six hours before being released.


The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) arrested three civilians in Kass locality without providing an explanation. It is alleged the civilians were arrested as a consequence of the recent visit of Donald Booth, the United States Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan. The civilians arrested have been named as:

  1. Abdeljabar Haroun, 60, teacher and El-Zahra Basic School Director;
  2. Omer Abdelkarim Haroun, 40, trader;
  3. Khalil Abubakar Adam, trader.


Janjaweed militiamen, under the command and control structure of Ahmed Jabad, abducted two civilians from Tor, situated in Nertiti locality. Following the abduction, the militiamen escaped to an unknown destination. Monitors identified the abducted persons as:

  1. Ibrahim Mohamed Sharaf, 36, Fur;
  2. Issa Khamis Balot.

The Janjaweed militia are reportedly members of the Al-Nwaibah ethnic group and are followers of Omda[1] Tahir. The militia in question is located 4km north-east of Tor.


Seven Janjaweed militiamen assaulted displaced persons in their farms situated in Zalingei. The militiamen demanded that the farmers cease planting the fields unless they paid 300 SDG to the militia or that they gave them a share of the harvest. The militiamen argued that the land belonged to them and was therefore theirs to do as they see fit. The militiamen are under the overall command of Mohamed Ibrahim (A.K.A Abu Kurnok) from the Beni Halba tribe and their Omda is Mohamed Hamdan, a resident in El Hassahissa neighbourhood of Zalingei.

The assaulted farmers have been identified as:

  1. Omar Abdullah Adam, Fur, El Hassahissa IDP Camp;
  2. Hawa Abdullah Adam;
  3. Yousuf Ibrahim Yousuf Abdmola, Masalit, El Hassahissa neighbourhood;
  4. Musa Ibrahim Yousuf Haroun, Fur, El Hassahissa IDP Camp;
  5. Shadia Abdelmntlb Zakaria, El Hassahissa IDP Camp;
  6. Mariam Ahmed Abdul Jabar Yagoub, El Hessahissa neighbourhood;
  7. Kaltum Musa Tigani.


The Sudanese Air force bombarded five villages situated in south and west Jebel Marra. Sabon Al-Fgor and Sina village, situated 30km from Kass locality, were targeted in south Jebel Marra resulting in the death of Hawa Jumaa, a 25-year-old woman, and the destruction of a number of lemon gardens. Tomi, Glol and Srrung, situated in west Jebel Marra and located 15km east of Nertiti, were also targeted resulting in the destruction of a number of fruit gardens.


The Sudanese Air Force dropped 12 barrel bombs on seven villages surrounding Jebel Marra. The bombardment took place over two consecutive days, with the first bombardment lasting from 08:00 until 14:00. The second bombardment lasted from 08:00 until 15:00. The seven villages targeted have been identified as:

5km east of Sorong:

  1. Togi – one barrel bomb resulting in the injury of Abdelshakour Adam (lost both legs), tracts of farmland destroyed and an estimated 50 livestock killed;
  2. Qabas;
  3. Taliba;
  4. Al-Earadib Al-Ashra
  5. Kurai Fal.

12km south of Gildo:

  1. Barbari;
  2. Turrentqa.

West Darfur


Unknown militiamen attacked farms in the Habeela scheme leading to the death of three farmers, including two brothers, and the injury of seven.


The Press and Publications Court continued proceedings in the trial of Alaa El-Din Babiker, a journalist from Rayaam newspaper. As reported by SUDO (UK) on the 8th May, 2016, Alaa El-Din Babiker was arrested by the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) in Al-Wadi area. He was subject to beatings during the initial investigations. The journalist was then transferred to the police where he was charged under Articles 68 (Disurbance/Rioting), 77 (Public Nuisance) and 182 (Criminal Mischief) of the 1991 Sudanese Criminal Act, relating to an article he had written in December.

The court had also held a session on the 23rd August, 2016, and is expected to hold another on the 10th September, 2016.

Alaa El-Din Babiker was arrested initially in December 2015 following his article and protests in El Geinena. He was rearrested on the 8th May, 2016. 


The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) arrested two students in El Geneina following the conducting of a political forum on the 26th August 2016 at the University of El Geneina organised by the student supporters of the Sudan Liberation Army – Abdul Wahid faction. The students were named as:

  1. Adel Muhyaldeen Ismail, 25, Faculty of Economy, released on the 1st September;
  2. Salah Al-Deen Al-Nour Jubara, 26, Faculty of Economy, released on bail 10th September, faces charges under Articles 69 (Breach of Public Peace) and 77 (Public Nuisance) of the 1991 Sudanese Criminal Act.

During the meeting student members criticised the recent attacks on Um Tajok by government militias and called for the perpetrators to be held accountable. They also discussed the general instability and ongoing attacks on civilians in Jebel Marra.

The two students were arrested in separate instances. Adel Muhyaldeen Ismail was beaten along with a friend during his arrest after initially refusing to go with the armed NISS personnel, who were wearing plain clothing with masks covering their faces. Salah Al-Deen Al-Nour Jubara had already been detained and was in the vehicle at this time. Both students were taken to the NISS offices near the Wali of West Darfur’s office where they were separated and put into “confinement custodies”, roughly 1 x 2 metres. The students were placed into a number of stress positions and interrogated on their alleged affiliation to the United People’s Front. Adel Muhyaldeen Ismail was released on the 1st September, 2016, whilst Salah Al-Deen Al-Nour Jubara was released on bail on the 10th September and facing charges under Articles 69 and 77 of the 1991 Sudanese Criminal Act.

East Darfur


10 militiamen from the Ma’alia ethnic group attacked Rizeigat camps in Al-Mujilid, located north of Ed Daein. Five persons were killed as a result of the attacks.


Nine Janjaweed militiamen attacked seven civilians as they were travelling from Al-Brosh to Sleea in Gazal Jawzat leading to the injury of four persons identified by monitors as:

  1. Khadija Ali;
  2. Hussain Yagoub, 32, Birgid, driver;
  3. Rashida Hussain, 26, Birgid;
  4. Laila Mohamed, 9, Birgid.

Blue Nile


Eight members of the SPLM-N fired on a civilian vehicle transporting 14 civilians from Dering locality to Balung village. The attack led to the injury of two persons and destroyed the vehicle. The vehicle was fired upon when it refused to stop. The injured civilians have been named as:

  1. Baha El-Din Al-Omda;
  2. Shada Hussein.


Members of the SPLM-N killed a civilian for farming in Abigo village, located in Kurmuk locality. Mohamed Abdo Hussein was killed whilst on his farm.


A member of the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), dressed in military uniform, killed a civilian by the name of Abdullah Adam Nimir after the victim prevented the SAF member from raping his 20-year-old daughter. The SAF member broke into the victim’s home for the purpose of raping the 20-year-old woman, though was prevented by the father leading to the SAF member opening fire and killing him instantly.


SPLM-N members attacked civilians working in artisanal gold mining in Kiley situated in Kurmuk locality. Five civilians were killed and three injured following the attack that took place at 13:00. SPLM-N forces entered the area firing their guns in the air causing civilians to flee. The soldiers then looted the money and goods left behind by the civilians.


Members of the SPLM-N kidnapped Salah Gism Alla, a teacher, whilst he was on his way to his farm in Dandaro village in Kurmuk locality.


Military Intelligence arrested Mohamed Abbas, an engineer and the Director of Urban Water in Blue Nile state, under the pretext that he is opposed to the government.

South Kordofan


Three policemen assaulted and raped three women working as tea ladies in the Torog neighbourhood of Dilling.

The women were raped as they returned to their homes following work at approximately 00:00. They were stopped by the policemen who demanded to know what they were doing. Following which the women were subsequently raped. The women awoke shortly after losing consciousness and returned to their homes. The incident was not reported to the police.

N.B. This report was previously incorrectly filed in the July 2016 report.



The trial of four persons, including two Christian pastors, a Czech missionary and filmmaker and one Darfuri activist, has begun following their separate arrests by the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) officers. Their arrest was the result of their attendance of a Christian conference in Addis Ababa, as well as their comments against the government concerning the killing of civilians, the destruction of villages and the persecution of Christians inside Sudan.

The four persons are identified as:

  1. Pastor Hassan Abdelrahim Kodi, 49, Secretary-General of the Sudanese Church of Christ, detained by NISS on the 18th December, 2015;
  2. Pastor Kuwa Shemaal, Head of Missions in the Sudanese Church of Christ (SCOC), detained by NISS in December before being released and re-arrested in Khartoum in May 2016;
  3. Abdelmonim Abdelmoula, Darfurian activist detained in May 2015;
  4. Petr Jasek, Czech missionary and filmmaker, detained by NISS in December 2015.

The four persons are on trial for:

  1. Conspiring against the state;
  2. Espionage against the state;
  3. Entering and photographing military areas and works;
  4. Calling for opposition to public authority by the use of violence;
  5. Provoking hatred against or amongst sects;
  6. Publishing false news.


The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) confiscated 13,000 printed copies of Assayha newspaper from the printing press without providing any explanation.


The Press and Publications Court resumed session following an investigation conducted by the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) against Nada Ramadan, an Al-Jareeda journalist, following an article they authored concerning the burying of dangerous chemical waste in Sudan. The article was published in Al-Jareeda on the 11th November, 2015, and investigations were opened by NISS officials on the 15th November, 2015.


The Press and Publications Court dismissed the case against Al-Jareeda journalist Suad Al-Khidir and the Editor-in-Chief, Ashraf Abdul Aziz, following an article published in Al-Jareeda newspaper on the 18th June 2016, concerning corruption in Omdurman locality.


Officials from the National Intelligence and Security Services assaulted Hawa Rahmaa, a journalist from Al-Jareeda newspaper, whilst she was investigating the removal of a residential district situated in the south of Khartoum.


The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) confiscated 15,000 printed copies of Al-Youm Al-Tali newspaper from the printing press. The NISS media department notified the newspaper’s administration that the confiscations were the result of the publishing of an article that was critical of the ruling party.


The Press and Publications Court delayed proceedings in the case of the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) against Mahgoub Mohamed Saleh, Editor-in-Chief of Al-Ayaam newspaper, and Mahgoub Mohamed Saleh, a journalist at the same newspaper, to the 1st September, 2016. Both individuals have been charged relating to an article they published focussing on the connection between increased cancer rates and waste disposal at Merowe Dam.


Officials from the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) warned the newspaper editors against the publishing of any conversations or interviews with the leaders of the armed opposition movements. This coincided with the peace talks in Addis Ababa.

At the same time the editors were warned against publishing information on the decrease of the Sudanese Pound against the Dollar.


The Sudanese National Council for Press and Publications issued a statement confirming the suspension of five newspapers in accordance with the 2009 Press and Publications law. Al-Watan, Al-Tayar, Al-Mustagilla, Awwal Annahar and Elaph economics were all affected.

The Council mentioned that the decision was taken following numerous infractions.

The newspapers would remain suspended until they adjusted their policies and paid a fee estimated at 26,000 SDG. Al-Tayar and Al-Watan paid the fees the following day in order to resume publication.


The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) confiscated the printed copies of Assayha newspaper from the printing press without providing any explanation.


The Press and Publications Court continued investigations into the journalist Murtada Ahmed relating to an article he authored concerning financial corruption in the Ministry of Minerals published in Ahraam newspaper.

Murtada Ahmed was escorted by members of the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) to the offices of Makkawi Mohamed Awad, the current Minister for Energy and previous Minister for Minerals, where he was questioned and threatened to deny the statement.

The article in question was published the previous year; however, the Press and Publications Court decided to reopen the case and continue their investigations. 


The Press and Publications Court resumed proceedings in the trial of Madiha Abdullah, Editor-in-Chief of Al-Midan newspaper, and the journalist Mohamed Al-Fatih Hamma, relating to an article concerning corruption within the Popular Committee administering Halfayt Elmlook neighborhood in Khartoum North.

It is expected that the court will hold further sessions on the 25th to 27th September, 2016.


The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) summoned Shawgi Abdelazeem, a journalist from Al-Youm Al-Tali newspaper, as a result of a series of articles he authored on corruption in the medical industry as well as negligence from the Ministry of Health. His ninth article on the matter was stopped from publication and he was questioned on the source of his information and how he had obtained the relevant documents.

The censorship of Shawgi Abdelazeem’s ninth article was the result of an intervention led by Taha Osman, the Director of the President’s Office. Taha Osman ordered the journalist to cease his article referring to Shawgi Abdelazeem as a criminal and confirmed that an investigation would take place.

20/05/2016 – Date of Initial Arrest

Officers from the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) raided the home of Bakhit Abdul Karim Abdullah, a Darfurian activist, situated in Mayo El-Shahinat neighbourhood. After forcing entry into his home the NISS members opened fire into the air before placing the activist in handcuffs.

Bakhit Abdul Karim Abdullah was taken to the NISS offices in Jebel Awlia and then on to Bahri Mogaf Shandi. The activist was first placed for 18 days inside a small cold room before spending another 18 days inside a hot cell. After a total of 45 days Bakhit Abdul Karim Abdullah was taken to the Office of the Prosecutor for State Security and charged with criminal conspiracy, undermining the constitutional system and waging war against the state following his participation in the funeral of Mohamed Sadiq, the student killed by NISS officials in Omdurman Ahlia University.

The activist was held for three months without trial during which he was severely beaten and had his employment terminated following NISS threats to his employer. Bakhit Abdul Karim Abdullah was released following the intervention of the Darfur Bar Association.


Members from the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) assaulted Miah Al-Neel Al-Mubarak, a journalist from Assayha newspaper, whilst she was investigating the victims of a traffic accident in Turkish hospital.

The police officers confiscated her journalist credentials and detained her in the security offices situated within the hospital for three hours. Miah Al-Neel Al-Mubarak was forced to author a written statement stating that she would never again enter the hospital for professional purposes.


Officials from the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) assaulted Abdelgadir Al-Ushari, a journalist from Assayha newspaper, whilst he was investigating allegations of assaults by NISS and police personnel on women working in selling food and tea.

The police confiscated his mobile phone and detained the journalist at a police station.


The National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) summoned Yousuf Al-Galal, the Editor-in-Chief of Assayha newspaper, to the offices for media management in Khartoum. This was the result of an article he published concerning the location of Riek Machar, former Vice-President of South Sudan, in Khartoum.


The Press and Publications Court delayed session in the trial of Aza Ibn Oaf, a journalist at Al-Jareeda newspaper, and Ashraf Abdul Aziz, the Editor-in-Chief of the newspaper. Both of the defendants are facing charges relating to Articles 24 (Criminal Conspiracy), 26 (Assisting) and 159 (Defamation) in accordance with the 1991 Sudanese Criminal Act. The charges were initiated by the University of Rabat following an article published by Al-Jareeda concerning the presence of drugs in the university.

The session was delayed because the representative of the university failed to bring forward any witnesses.


The Press and Publications Court continued proceedings in the trial of journalist Al-Hodibi Yasin relating to an article he authored on the sale of Ismail Al-Azhari’s home, the first leader of independent Sudan. The court heard witnesses of the defence on this day, whilst it heard from the prosecution on the 10th August, 2016.

Another session is expected on the 8th September, 2016.


The Press and Publications Court delayed proceedings against Ashraf Abdul Aziz, Editor-in-Chief of Al-Jareeda newspaper, and Haider Khair Alla, a journalist at the same newspaper, to the 11th October, 2016. Both have been charged relating to a serial column titled Salam Ya Watan, which has investigated allegations of corruption at the Blue Nile channel.

The session was delayed because the court failed to bring the Minister of Justice and the Chairman of the Board of Grievances, both of which were required by lawyers to proceed.



The general criminal court of Gedaref continued proceedings in the trial of Khowild Abdelazeem, an employee at Gedaref Radio and activist, following charges levelled by the Union of Gedaref Doctors concerning Article 159 (defamation) of the 1991 Sudanese Criminal Act. The claim of defamation follows an article the defendant authored for an electronic journal concerning the low standards of private medical clinics. It was noted that the poor standards contributed to diseases due to the number of mosquitoes and flies.

The court is expected to hear from witnesses next month on the 6th September.  

1     National Intelligence and Security Services (15); Press and Publications Court/Committee (9); Sudanese Air Force (7); Police (2); Government Officials (2); Sudanese Armed Forces (1); Popular Defence Forces (1); Military Intelligence (1).

2     Native Administrator.

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