The following reports present the political, security and human rights situation in the state of Gedaref, Eastern Sudan.
- On October 3, Resistance Committees formed blockades in the city of Shawak, the locality of Al-Faw and the city of Gedaref in protest of a visit by Nazir Mohamed Al-Amin Tirik. The Resistance Committees accuse the Nazir of instigating tribal conflict in Eastern Sudan and supporting the military.
- On October 15, Resistance Committees and the Salvation Initiative conducted a sit-in at Gedaref market calling for the trial of the perpetrators of the massacre that took place in Kassala on October 15, 2020.
- On October 19, the Shrooq Cultural Forum held a seminar on issues in Gedaref and Eastern Sudan. A number of political and civil forces in the state attended.
- On October 19, Police from the Gala El Nahal locality arrested 12 irregular migrants in the Sesame area, including 10 women and two men. Two suspected people smugglers were also arrested and subject to legal proceedings.
- On October 21, Resistance Committees organized a successful march with the participation of political forces, civil and professional committees.
- On October 26, Resistance Committees released a letter calling for revolutionary escalation House against the military coup on October 25th. This event took place at the Teachers House.
- A series of civil disobedience measures were successful between October 25 and October 28, following which the State’s Security Committee forced General Managers to call on their employees to resume work.
- On November 18, the Director-General of the Ministry of Education issued Resolution No 31/2021 transferring 13 administrators. He also issued another decision on November 21 No 32/2021 transferring 14 employees, including leaders in the Teacher’s Committee, following protests by the Teacher’s Committee at the Ministry of Education. The Director-General refused to retract his decision despite the call by Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok to cancel the transfers.
The human rights situation in Gedaref continued to deteriorate during the months of October and November. This included the return of the Public Order Laws.
- On October 10, police in the Al-Mafaza locality conducted a campaign targeting alcohol manufacturing. During the campaign they arrested 21 persons and destroyed production. Legal proceedings were undertaken against the manufacturers.
- On October 25, following the announcement of the coup, large demonstrations took place in Gedaref. The military and police used tear gas to disperse the demonstrators and detained the following activists:
The three Resistance Committee activists were subject to beatings and verbal abuse before being released three hours later.
A fourth person, Mohamed Al-Habib Abdel Al Osman (a Secondary School student aged 18), was arrested inside the hospital and was also subjected to beatings at the police station. A complaint was opened against him under Article 77 (Public Nuisance), but he was released without charge three hours later.
- From October 25 to November 4, youth within Gedaref were subjected to forced head shaving by members of the army and the Rapid Support Forces.
- On October 27, two members from a Resistance Committee, aged 29 and 35, were arrested by Military Intelligence. They were severely beaten and kept in solitary confinement for three days before being released on November 17th. Both reported injuries upon release.
- On October 28, the Teachers House was closed by order from Military Intelligence and the General Secretary of the Teachers’ Syndicate was prevented from taking items related to their work.
- On October 28, Alaa El Din Abdel Rahim Idris, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council for Youth and Sports, was detained for five hours by the Military Intelligence. Alaa El Din Abdel Rahim Idris is a member of a Resistance Committee and the New Democratic Forces Movement (HAQ).
- On October 29, Yassin Mustafa Mohamed Ahmed was detained by Military Intelligence for two and a half hours. He is a founder of the Gedaref Organisation for Peaceful Coexistence and a member of a Resistance Committee. He was reportedly beaten upon being taken into custody.
- On October 30, a military force consisting of the army, Rapid Support Forces, the police, and the Central Reserve used teargas to supress a peaceful demonstration against the military coup. A number of demonstrators were detained, including:
- On October 30, the Security Committee in Basonda locality (area bordering Ethiopia) arrested a number of members from the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) as well as Resistance Committees. They were detained for three days before being released on November 3. Several of whom were tortured, shaved and subject to verbal abuse.
- On October 30, peaceful demonstrators in Al-Faw locality were beaten with sticks and whips by a joint force. A number of Resistance Committee members were arrested and transferred to the police. The police opened a report against them under Article 69. This included:
- On October 30, Military Intelligence detained two political activists:
- On November 3, Military Intelligence arrested Wajdi Khalifa Mohamed El-Hassan. Wajdi is a member of the Dismantling Committee, a member of the Shrooq Cultural Forum, and a member of the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party.
He was placed in solitary confinement and beaten, before being released on November 28. Wajdi was subsequently rearrested by Military Intelligence on November 30 after addressing the Resistance Committees in the market. He was transferred to the police and a report was opened up against him under Article 77, before being released two hours later.
- On November 10, Military Intelligence arrested Mohamed Hassan Al Zaki Malik. Mohamed, aged 43, is an employee at the Ministry of Health and is a member of the Media Association, a Resistance Committee, and the Sudanese National Alliance Party.
Prior to his arrest he was threatened repeatedly on the phone by Colonel Selman Abu Halima. During his detention he was beaten and his employment threatened. He was released November 15.
- On November 13, a joint force dispersed a peaceful gathering with tear gas and prevented civilians from accessing the market. Members of Resistance Committees and other revolutionaries were chased and arrested, including:
Both were released after six hours.
- On November 16, Military Intelligence arrested Miqdad Ballah Adlan Mohamed. The 39-year-old Ministry of Finance employee and member of the Central Council of the FFC from the Federal Assembly Party was released three days later on November 19.
- On November 16, Military Intelligence raided the home and sought to arrest Amna Mohamed Osman Awaiti. The 62-year-old teacher and Vice-President of the Teachers Committee was not home at the time of the raid.
The raid followed a statement issued by the Teachers Committee.
- On November 17, military forces consisting of the army, police, and the Rapid Support Forces prevented a gathering at Crescent Square. As they suppressed the protests, a number of individuals were arrested, including:
- On November 21, a joint force including the army, police and the Rapid Support Forces used tear gas against demonstrators in the Gedaref Market and other neighbourhoods including Al-Nazir, Karfess and October. Several revolutionaries were arrested, including:
Wali was arrested by Military Intelligence and released the following day after being subject to beatings.
- On November 23, Military Intelligence arrested Moataz Mohamed Abdullah. Mohamed, a 40-year-old leader within the Gedaref Salvation Initiative and a Resistance Committee member is still under detention at the time of this report.
- On November 25, a joint force prevented a peaceful demonstration at Gedaref Market and detained a number of protestors. The detainees were held for four hours, had their mobile phones confiscated (returned after two days), and had a report opened against them under Article 68. Those detained, included:
- On November 25, police beat two members of a Resistance Committee. The two members were named as:
- On November 30, a joint security force attacked members of the Resistance Committees at the market arresting three, including:
The three detainees were released two hours later.
There is a general environment of poor health and a lack of basic medicine, including vaccines for children.
The COVID-19 report for the month of October through to November 21 indicates an increasing number of cases in the city of Gedaref, Central Locality, Western Gallabat, Eastern Gallabat, Qurasha locality and Gala El Nahil locality.
According to the report of the Ministry of Health dated November 21:
Suspected Cases – 114
Positive Cases – 77
Negative Cases – 37
Fatalities – 17
Isolation Centre – 9
Home Isolation – 36
Healing Cases – 15
The city of Gedaref also witnessed water issues for 90% of the neighbourhoods in the city. Residents were forced to drink water from wells, most of which are unhealthy and have high concentrations of salt.