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Agricultural Assessment Survey of North Kordofan (2011 - 2012)

14.02.12

Introduction:

This survey was carried out by selecting ten per cent of the villages from each administrative unit by random selection, taking in consideration the geographical average of the area. In addition the survey used direct group discussion and general observation as tools for making the assessment.

The objective of this crop production assessment survey is to understand the situation of the agricultural season as well as the status of food availability in order to aid food security coordination.

The Survey analyzed:

Table (1) shows sample size selected:

Locality

Admin. Unit

Household no

Villages council no

Sample size

 

Sheikan

El-Obied rural, Kazgail, Abuharaz

30173

191

19

Umrawaba

Umrawaba rural & Ashana rural

42512

300

30

Umdam Haj Ahmed

City & rural of Umdam Haj Ahmed

18831

101

10

Alrahad Abudakana

City and rural of Alrahad

17648

71

7

Bara

Bra rural, Umgarfa, Umsayala

21566

138

14

West Bara

Taiba, Umkiraidim, Almuzroob

23768

221

22

Sodari

Sodari rural, Umbadir, Hamrat Alsheikh

20389

37

4

Jabrat Alsheikh

Jabra rural,Kajmar, Hamratalwiz

19284

65

7

Alnohood

Nohood city, Nohood rural & Foja

30234

130

13

Alkhowi

Alkhowi rural, Eyal Bakhit

10570

42

4

Abuzabad

Abuzabad

12523

58

6

Ghibaish

Ghibaish rural, Almujror, Abury, Alodaea

31798

120

12

Wadbanda

Wadbanda rural, Armal, Alzarnakh, Sogaaaljamal, Drdoog

14596

94

10

Total

34

301793

1568

158

Table (2): shows the amount of rainfall at 2010/2011 season compared to 2011/2012 :

Locality

Measure station

2010 rainfall

2011 rainfall

variation

 

Sheikan

El-Obied Minstry of agriculture

Useemaima

Abuharaz

Albirka Almadena

Kazgail

Umeshaira

349.6

336.7

336.6

471.7

357.5

257.1

303.9

265.9

251.2

533.8

380

136.3

 

- 13

- 21

- 31

+13

+6

+47

Umrawaba

Umrawaba

Ashana

335.2

389.2

298.7

166

- 11

- 57

Alrahad Abudakana

Alrahad

Alsimah

333.2

448

405.4

369.1

+ 21

+18

Umdam Haj Ahmed

Umdam Haj Ahmed

255.9

75.8

+70

Bara

Bara

Umsayala

 

154.5

169.2

 

203.3

186.6

+31

+10

West Bara

Umkiraidim,

Almuzroob

237.3

295.9

311.8

337.3

+31

+14

Sodari

Sodari

Hamrat Alsheikh

131.9

148.5

39.3

77.1

-70

-48

Jabrat Alsheikh

Jabra

Kajmar,

Hamratalwiz

153.1

144

82.7

74

144

81

-52

0

-2

Abuzabad

Abuzabad

240.1

458

+91

Alkhowi

Alkhowi

215.9

436.3

+102

Alnohood

Nohood

297.9

452.9

+52

Ghibaish

Ghibaish

Alodaea

328.2

283.5

352.6

307.6

+7

+8

Wadbanda

Wadbanda

275.5

300.8

+9

Although the total amount of rainfall was mostly normal, the distribution and the length of the rainy season are not normal. The length of the rainy season has actually been not more than 45 days in average (30-60 days from north to south) which has bad implications for all crops and is leading to a very low productivity of main crops ( millet, dura, sesame, ground nut) in the state.

General condition of the crops:

1/ the area sown in the season 2011/2012 is equal to 8.41 million feddans, 4% less than the previous season. For more details see the table below.

The area cultivated and area harvested this year showed a big difference compared to last season because of the late starting season, the short length of the rainy season in addition to the uneven distribution of the rainfall. Other factors with an adverse effect are the consequences of shortage in agricultural labor, the high cost of agricultural operations and the moving of men to traditional mining in gold areas.

Table (3): shows the cultivated area (Feddan) N.K State at 2010/2011 season compared to 2011/2012:

Crop

2010

2011

Change

Millet

2448733

2035280

-17

Sorghum

1372711

1214664

-12

Sesame

1499250

1541980

+3

Ground nut

980089

1008022

+3

Roselle

516618

438634

-15

Water melon

1569077

1767855

+13

Bean

209569

282274

+35

Okra

115067

115415

0

Total

8711114

8406135

-4

Table (4): shows the established areas (Feddan) N.K State at 2010/2011 season compared to 2011/2012:

Crop

2010

2011

change

% established

Millet

22283039

1377750

-40

68

Sorghum

1179331

1055124

-11

87

Sesame

1329534

1338305

+1

87

Ground nut

908645

949723

+5

94

Roselle

464302

339653

-27

77

Water melon

1452773

1611869

+11

91

Bean

192020

241975

+26

86

Okra

114921

106172

-8

92

Total

7924565

7020571

-11

84

The table above shows a big difference between the area sown and the area weeded because of the late and erratic rainfall which resulted in a rainy season of short duration including along dry period within the season and a late rainy season.

Table (5): shows the harvested areas (Feddan) N.K State at 2010/2011

season compared to 2011/2012:

Crop

2010

2011

change

Millet

1705364

700802

-59

Sorghum

988318

655585

-34

Sesame

1213085

1002459

-17

Ground nut

785816

712057

-9

Roselle

520930

454015

-13

Water melon

774435

686386

-11

Bean

152219

122168

-20

Okra

84373

64344

-24

Total

6224540

4397816

-29

Table (6): shows the harvested areas (Fed.), production (ton) and

Productivity (ton/fed) in N.K State at 2011/2012

Crop

Harvested area

Production

productivity

Millet

700802

27891

0.040

Sorghum

655585

37918

0.058

Sesame

1002459

13666

0.037

Ground nut

712057

83021

0.117

Roselle

454015

22256

0.049

Water melon

686386

29802

0.043

Bean

122168

5505

0.050

Okra

64344

3093

0.048

Total

4397816

 

 

As in the above tables the shortage in productivity is great due to the very short rainy season (30-60 days) which has led to crop failure in large areas especially in “gardud” soil, south and middle of Sheikan and south west of Umrawaba localities.

Table (7): shows prices (SDG) of crops in the state at 2010/2011 season compared to 2011/2012:

Crop

Millet

sorghum

sesame

Ground nut

Roselle

Water Mellon

Bean

Okra

Gum arabic

2010

5.8

4.3

95.5

48.3

71.7

55.2

6.4

10.7

106.5

2011

8.4

5.9

152.4

93.1

122.2

91.7

6.7

11.8

163.2

% change

46

38

60

93

70

66

4

11

53

Table (8): shows prices (SDG) of livestock in the state

at 2010/2011 season compared to 2011/2012:

Crop

goat

sheep

Cow

camel

2010

131

250

693

1707

2011

169

312

925

2030

%change

29

25

33

35

 

Table (9): shows production cost (SDG) per makhamas [local Kordofan unit: 1 makhamas=1.73 feddans] in the season 2011/2012:

Crop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

Millet

28

7

1

18

7

80

49

32

24

4

6

256

Sorghum

23

5

2

16

6

78

49

26

18

5

6

234

Sesame

20

8

3

19

7

57

38

30

16

3

5

205

Ground nut

17

54

3

41

10

51

40

49

27

10

8

310

Roselle

14

2

1

10

2

33

22

29

11

2

6

132

Water melon

17

5

1

12

4

49

23

18

14

2

3

147

Bean

16

7

0

11

2

36

22

17

10

3

5

130

Okra

15

16

1

16

11

30

25

44

0

5

8

171

 

deficit

or surp

-lus

%

Final

Deficit

Or surplus

Avail

-able

food

Contribution from

% deficit or surplus

Initial deficit or surplus

 

Consum

-ption

Direct production

Popn

Loc.

Total

wild crops

Live

-stock

Cash crops

Wheat

Total

Sorghum

Millet

-19

-14859

64112

59945

1507

5636

4269

8533

-95

-74804

78971

4167

2450

1717

540898

Sheikan

-33

-16435

34063

28937

1357

5170

6976

15434

-90

-45372

50498

5126

4791

335

345877

Umrawaba

+6

1451

24495

2154

0

1002

1152

0

-3

-703

23044

22341

20400

1941

157838

Alrhad

-32

-6096

13031

12646

514

9257

172

2703

-98

-18742

19127

385

46

339

131004

Umdam

-47

-12444

14312

13098

2124

4605

1227

5142

-95

-25542

26756

1214

0

1214

183257

Bara

-23

-6061

19920

19372

598

12517

869

5388

-98

-25433

25981

548

19

529

177949

WestBara

-20

-8052

31582

30930

0

17484

2

13444

-98

-38982

39634

652

0

652

271465

Sodry

-18

-6102

27654

24360

0

9054

0

15306

-90

-30462

33756

3294

0

3294

231208

Jabra

-19

-2578

10876

8459

121

3711

2627

2000

-82

-11037

13454

2417

1020

1397

92151

Alkhowei

-5

-874

15892

11299

170

1936

5193

4000

-73

-12173

16766

4593

3137

1456

114833

Abuzabad

24

7902

41133

34075

2372

18795

5284

7624

-79

-26173

33231

7058

3241

3817

227608

Alnhood

-4

-1745

40685

36469

4035

13994

15640

2800

-90

-38214

42430

4216

1023

3193

290619

Ghi bashe

-6

-1395

21423

11900

2140

2909

3975

2876

-58

-13295

22818

9523

1952

7571

156286

Wadbanda

-25

-107261

319204

253670

14938

106070

47412

85250

-85

-360931

426465

65534

38079

27455

2920993

State

The above table shows the food available from direct cereal production and that of purchasing power of the people in the state. The *second important point shown by the table is the food gap in most of the localities with exception of Alnohod and Alrahad localities. This means that the state government should seek the means and ways of making cereal grain available in the state markets at affordable prices for all people in the state.

Conclusion:

The crop assessment of the year 2011 has shown large food gaps as a consequence of uncertain rainfall: rainy season shortages together with the late start of rainfall. The crop assessment also illustrates the major problem confronting agricultural production in general and cereal production in particular resulting in low productivity and hence a low total production. These problems are:

  1. The untraditional ways of production

  2. The uncertainty of the rainy season

  3. The high cost of agricultural operations together with uncertainty of crop prices at the farm gate

- Lastly, more emphasis and great attention should be paid to rain fed agricultural production with more emphasis on small farmers and producers.

 

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